UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR
REVIEW OF RESULTS

SIZE OF THE UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR

5.1

The total size of the unregistered SSI sector is estimated to be 91,46,216. This comprises 38.75 % SSIs and 61.25 % SSSBEs. About 57 % of the units were located in rural areas.


5.2

As the overall industrial scenario indicated tremendous growth in the Services sector in the recent past, the unregistered SSI sector also showed the same trend. The sector consisted of 45.38 % units engaged in services, followed by 36.12 % units engaged in manufacturing activities and the remaining 18.5 % in repairing & maintenance.

CONCENTRATION OF UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR

5.3

About 75.58% of the units in the unregistered SSI Sector were located in 10 States viz., Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal, Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Bihar, Rajasthan and Gujarat. The state-wise distribution of number of unregistered SSI units is given in the following table.

TABLE 13: DISTRIBUTION OF UNREGISTERED SSI UNITS

 

S. No.

Name of State/UT

Estimated no. of units in unregd. SSI Sector

Percentage to Total

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

58500

0.64

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

65307

0.71

3.

PUNJAB

311811

3.41

4.

CHANDIGARH

20966

0.23

5.

UTTARANCHAL

91199

1.00

6.

HARYANA

183710

2.01

7.

DELHI

169720

1.86

8.

RAJASTHAN

398427

4.36

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

1545039

16.89

10.

BIHAR

467244

5.11

11.

SIKKIM

194

0.00

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

997

0.01

13.

NAGALAND

13293

0.15

14.

MANIPUR

43400

0.47

15.

MIZORAM

8383

0.09

16.

TRIPURA

23393

0.26

17.

MEGHALAYA

20581

0.23

18.

ASSAM

179926

1.97

19.

WEST BENGAL

729240

7.97

20.

JHARKHAND

114124

1.25

21.

ORISSA

375911

4.11

22.

CHHATTISGARH

229991

2.51

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

691613

7.56

24.

GUJARAT

391777

4.28

25. & 26.

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

1291

0.01

27.

MAHARASHTRA

720470

7.88

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

812513

8.88

29.

KARNATAKA

548334

6.00

30.

GOA

4958

0.05

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

464

0.01

32.

KERALA

305838

3.34

33.

TAMIL NADU

607933

6.65

34.

PONDICHERRY

7139

0.08

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

2530

0.03

All India

9146216

100.00



5.4

The top 100 districts in the country in terms of number of unregistered SSI units were identified. Districts of Medinipur in West Bengal and Bangalore in Karnataka have more than one lakh unregistered SSI units each. The top 100 districts had a share of 46.29 % units in the unregistered SSI Sector. The list of these districts along with number of unregistered SSI units is given in Table No. UR1 given in the Appendix. This list will help the concerned State Governments to plan bringing more and more units into the ambit of registration.


TYPE OF UNIT

5.5

About 52 % of the SSIs were concentrated in five States, viz., Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Bihar, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Andhra Pradesh. With regard to SSSBEs, the five States, viz., Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra and Madhya Pradesh together had a share of about 51 %.

TABLE 14: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF UNREGD. SSIS, ANCILLARIES & SSSBES OVER STATES

 

S. No.

Name of State/UT

Estimated no. of Units

SSIs

Ancillary

SSSBEs

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

0.82

0.71

0.52

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

0.92

0.39

0.59

3.

PUNJAB

2.75

3.94

3.83

4.

CHANDIGARH

0.15

0.00

0.28

5.

UTTARANCHAL

0.68

0.02

1.20

6.

HARYANA

1.26

0.60

2.48

7.

DELHI

1.54

1.51

2.05

8.

RAJASTHAN

4.27

2.75

4.41

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

18.56

9.36

15.84

10.

BIHAR

7.48

4.63

3.61

11.

SIKKIM

0.00

0.00

0.00

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0.01

0.00

0.01

13.

NAGALAND

0.34

10.12

0.02

14.

MANIPUR

0.81

0.85

0.27

15.

MIZORAM

0.11

0.83

0.08

16.

TRIPURA

0.17

0.02

0.31

17.

MEGHALAYA

0.34

0.00

0.15

18.

ASSAM

2.19

0.38

1.83

19.

WEST BENGAL

11.75

6.83

5.58

20.

JHARKHAND

2.00

2.18

0.77

21.

ORISSA

6.64

3.72

2.51

22.

CHHATTISGARH

1.87

0.28

2.92

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

7.27

1.35

7.74

24.

GUJARAT

2.72

10.87

5.28

25. & 26.

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

0.01

0.00

0.02

27.

MAHARASHTRA

6.43

13.82

8.79

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

6.82

5.95

10.19

29.

KARNATAKA

5.33

6.96

6.42

30.

GOA

0.06

0.15

0.05

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

0.01

0.00

0.00

32.

KERALA

3.38

6.46

3.32

33.

TAMIL NADU

3.21

5.15

8.82

34.

PONDICHERRY

0.05

0.18

0.10

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

0.05

0.00

0.01

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00



5.6

The sector-wise percentage distribution of SSIs and SSSBEs in the unregistered SSI Sector is given in the following table, State-wise.


TABLE 15: STATE-WISE AND SECTOR-WISE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF UNREGD. SSI UNITS

 

S. No.

Name of State/UT

No. of unregd. SSIs (%)

No. of unregd. SSSBEs (%)

Total

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

36.62

13.12

33.80

16.45

100.00

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

47.61

2.13

39.93

10.32

100.00

3.

PUNJAB

10.69

20.58

32.15

36.59

100.00

4.

CHANDIGARH

20.58

20.58

32.15

36.59

100.00

5.

UTTARANCHAL

17.44

8.83

23.99

49.74

100.00

6.

HARYANA

10.56

13.85

28.50

47.09

100.00

7.

DELHI

1.27

30.94

2.29

65.50

100.00

8.

RAJASTHAN

25.04

12.91

32.76

29.29

100.00

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

32.23

10.35

33.28

24.13

100.00

10.

BIHAR

48.87

7.91

28.61

14.61

100.00

11.

SIKKIM

27.32

23.20

0.00

49.48

100.00

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

2.21

18.76

6.32

72.72

100.00

13.

NAGALAND

81.53

10.26

3.18

5.03

100.00

14.

MANIPUR

54.31

11.48

19.51

14.70

100.00

15.

MIZORAM

20.17

25.11

41.21

13.50

100.00

16.

TRIPURA

9.34

16.12

28.42

46.12

100.00

17.

MEGHALAYAIQ

46.92

12.04

2.13

38.91

100.00

18.

ASSAM

36.37

6.77

39.58

17.28

100.00

19.

WEST BENGAL

36.91

20.19

19.63

23.27

100.00

20.

JHARKHAND

52.06

9.92

22.37

15.65

100.00

21.

ORISSA

57.86

4.76

25.14

12.23

100.00

22.

CHHATTISGARH

24.40

4.49

48.18

22.93

100.00

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

28.00

9.28

34.16

28.56

100.00

24.

GUJARAT

15.30

9.27

32.22

43.21

100.00

25. & 26.

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

14.72

11.08

24.71

49.50

100.00

27.

MAHARASHTRA

18.01

13.65

29.61

38.74

100.00

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

16.53

13.22

29.37

40.88

100.00

29.

KARNATAKA

21.20

13.23

28.04

37.53

100.00

30.

GOA

17.77

25.27

21.20

35.76

100.00

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

6.68

65.95

0.86

26.51

100.00

32.

KERALA

32.82

6.33

44.09

16.76

100.00

33.

TAMIL NADU

6.26

12.48

30.27

51.00

100.00

34.

PONDICHERRY

6.21

16.32

22.59

54.88

100.00

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

67.79

5.69

10.00

16.52

100.00

All India

26.69

12.07

30.16

31.09

100.00



5.7

The share of SSIs in terms of number of units was 38.75 % and 2.44 % of these were ancillaries. The share of SSSBEs in terms of number of units was 61.25 % and their contribution to investment was more than 50 %. They generated employment to 51 % and had a share of about 41 % in the total gross output of the sector.


TABLE 16: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF UNIT

 

Type of Unit

No.of Unregd.
Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value of
P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

SSI

38.75

44.45

47.37

48.64

58.67

97.32

SSSBE

61.25

55.55

52.63

51.36

41.33

2.68

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

ANCILLARY among SSIs

2.44

4.16

4.43

2.81

2.72

0.55



REGISTRATION

5.8

Registration of units is mandatory under the Factories Act. The criteria for registration under the Factories Act are in terms of number of workers. Manufacturing units with 10 or more workers and using power are registered under Section 2 (m) (i) of the Act whereas those with 20 or more workers and not using power are registered under Section 2 (m) (ii) of the Act. The registration under Sections 85 (i) and 85 (ii) is mandatory only for those units not falling under the criteria for Sections 2 (m) (i) and 2 (m) (ii) and which are engaged in the manufacturing activities specified by the concerned State Government. In the Third Census information was collected on the status of registration under the Factories Act. It is estimated that 42,044 units were registered under Sections 2 (m) (i) and 2 (m) (ii) whereas 1,07,234 units were registered under Sections 85 (i) and 85 (ii) of the Factories Act. This shows that out of 49,96,029 units engaged in manufacturing and repairing/ maintenance, 1,49,278 units (3 %) although not registered in the SSI sector were registered under the mandatory provisions of the Factories Act. The State-wise estimates are given in the following table.


TABLE 17: STATUS OF REGISTRATION UNDER FACTORIES ACT

 

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

Estimated no. of units registered under Factories Act


Section 2(m)(i) or 2(m)(ii)


Section 85 (i) or 85(ii)

1

JAMMU & KASHMIR

0

27

2

HIMACHAL PRADESH

87

59

3

PUNJAB

1865

5012

4

CHANDIGARH

10

4

5

UTTARANCHAL

188

68

6

HARYANA

1101

2862

7

DELHI

2522

2910

8

RAJASTHAN

1055

6199

9

UTTAR PRADESH

7016

12692

10

BIHAR

2474

2620

11

SIKKIM

0

0

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0

0

13

NAGALAND

27

2912

14

MANIPUR

28

3372

15

MIZORAM

0

0

16

TRIPURA

116

138

17

MEGHALAYA

0

0

18

ASSAM

153

1462

19

WEST BENGAL

1833

3842

20

JHARKHAND

681

748

21

ORISSA

225

1697

22

CHHATTISGARH

465

2467

23

MADHYA PRADESH

3470

6103

24

GUJARAT

465

1354

25 & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

230

170

27

MAHARASHTRA

4226

8871

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

10650

27368

29

KARNATAKA

1481

9895

30

GOA

24

134

31

LAKSHADWEEP

0

0

32

KERALA

480

960

33

TAMIL NADU

1114

3144

34

PONDICHERRY

58

144

35

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

0

0

All India

42044

107234



REASONS FOR NON-REGISTRATION IN SSI SECTOR

5.9

Registration with the District Industries Centre (DIC) as SSI or SSSBE is voluntary. Hence, in the sample survey of unregistered SSI sector, main reason for non-registration by the selected unit was ascertained. It was found that 53.13 % of the units did not register because they were not aware of the provisions for registration. About 39.86 % of the entrepreneurs stated that they were not interested. State-wise and Industry-wise analysis of the reasons for non-registration are given in the tables UR2 and UR3 respectively, in the Appendix. Analysis of the reasons by nature of activity is given in the following table. It can be seen that in about 26 % of the units, the reason was that the concerned entrepreneurs were not aware of the provisions, as the units were engaged in Services.


TABLE 18: REASONS FOR NONREGISTRATION IN SSI SECTOR, BY NATURE OF ACTIVITY

 

Nature of Activity

Not Interested

Complicated procedure

Clearance Not Available from Municipality etc

Local Laws/ Regulations do not Permit

Not Aware of such a Provision

Manufacturing/ Assembly/ Processing

15.47

1.36

0.36

1.25

17.69

Repairing and Maintenance

7.28

0.83

0.33

0.17

9.90

Services

17.11

1.68

0.69

0.35

25.55

Total

39.86

3.87

1.38

1.76

53.13



DURATION OF OPERATION

5.10

About 83 % of the units in the unregistered SSI sector operated for more than 9 months during the reference period. Details are given sector-wise in the following table.



TABLE 19: DURATION OF OPERATION OF UNREGD. UNITS DURING THE REFERENCE PERIOD

 

No. of months

Percentage of number of units

Rural

Urban

Total

up to 1 month

0.15

0.17

0.32

1 to 2

0.25

0.15

0.39

2 to 3

0.65

0.24

0.88

3 to 4

0.82

0.22

1.04

4 to 5

0.94

0.20

1.14

5 to 6

1.87

0.52

2.39

6 to 7

1.62

0.51

2.13

7 to 8

2.77

1.05

3.82

8 to 9

3.13

1.45

4.58

9 to 10

8.27

5.30

13.57

10 to 11

10.53

7.90

18.43

11 to 12

25.76

25.56

51.31

Total

56.76

43.24

100.00



YEAR OF INITIAL PRODUCTION

5.11

Most of the units in the unregistered SSI sector were of recent origin. The following table gives details of number of units with reference to their year of initial production. It can be seen that about 78 % of the units entered the industrial arena in the nineties and thereafter.



TABLE 20: DIST. OF UNREGD.UNITS BY YEAR OF INITIAL PROD

 

Year of Initial Production

Number of Unregistered units

Percentage to Total

Up To 1957

147862

1.62

1958

2777

0.03

1959

1792

0.02

1960-65

46357

0.51

1966-74

146574

1.60

1975-76

86745

0.95

1977-79

141121

1.54

1980-84

367854

4.02

1985-90

1026273

11.22

1991-96

2504134

27.38

1997-98

2051883

22.44

1999-00

1942741

21.24

2001-03

610289

6.67

Not Recorded

69814

0.76

Total

9146216

100.00


5.12

It was found that about 77 % of the total value of Plant & Machinery was installed during the period 1990-2001 and 74 % of the units in the sector were covered in this process. The following table gives the details.


TABLE 21: YEAR-WISE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF P & M INSTALLED (ALL INDIA)

 

Year of Installation

Proportion of P & M installed (%)

Proportion of units (%)

1998

5

12.20

1999

11.30

11.36

1997

10.73

8.44

2000

8.63

8.15

1996

6.73

7.07

1995

5.53

6.79

2001

5.45

4.32

1992

5.09

3.87

1993

3.99

2.29

1990

3.21

4.44

1994

2.99

3.40

1991

1.25

1.46

Total

77.05

73.79



PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS

5.13

It was estimated that the unregistered SSI Sector comprising 91,46,216 units with a fixed investment of Rs. 62,55,660 lakhs and original investment in plant and machinery of Rs.24, 56, 492 lakhs generated employment for 1,87,69,284 persons and gross output worth Rs. 79,01,536 lakhs. The percentage distribution of these principal characteristics State-wise is given in the following table.


TABLE 22: STATE-WISE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS

 

S. No.

Name of the State/ UT

Market Value
of Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

1

JAMMU & KASHMIR

0.54

0.56

0.54

0.61

0.04

2

HIMACHAL PRADESH

0.30

0.45

0.49

0.35

0.02

3

PUNJAB

6.73

4.41

3.04

8.13

89.69

4

CHANDIGARH

0.28

0.49

0.20

0.54

0.00

5

UTTARANCHAL

1.16

1.46

0.82

0.64

0.16

6

HARYANA

3.57

5.71

1.66

6.18

0.07

7

DELHI

6.74

3.85

2.88

10.46

2.28

8

RAJASTHAN

3.89

5.66

3.56

3.13

0.87

9

UTTAR PRADESH

15.58

14.54

18.22

13.46

1.16

10

BIHAR

3.26

3.45

5.04

3.42

0.17

11

SIKKIM

0.00

0.01

0.00

0.00

0.00

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

0.02

0.01

0.01

0.02

0.00

13

NAGALAND

0.34

0.55

0.28

0.34

0.36

14

MANIPUR

0.45

0.37

0.62

0.48

0.00

15

MIZORAM

0.09

0.16

0.08

0.09

0.00

16

TRIPURA

0.13

0.18

0.24

0.18

0.02

17

MEGHALAYA

0.16

0.23

0.29

0.28

0.00

18

ASSAM

0.98

1.46

1.94

2.73

0.55

19

WEST BENGAL

5.52

5.64

10.20

11.57

0.49

20

JHARKHAND

0.39

0.72

1.09

0.61

0.23

21

ORISSA

1.65

2.46

4.49

2.55

0.27

22

CHHATTISGARH

1.26

1.42

2.35

1.07

0.04

23

MADHYA PRADESH

2.48

5.29

5.83

2.89

0.41

24

GUJARAT

4.72

2.40

3.67

3.49

0.02

25 & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

0.16

0.08

0.02

0.89

0.00

27

MAHARASHTRA

14.92

11.39

7.57

8.10

0.61

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

9.80

10.25

9.36

6.88

0.29

29

KARNATAKA

5.89

6.87

6.19

4.31

0.48

30

GOA

0.25

0.40

0.07

0.29

0.00

31

LAKSHADWEEP

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.01

0.00

32

KERALA

3.30

3.09

3.06

2.11

0.23

33

TAMIL NADU

5.31

6.26

6.05

4.07

1.55

34

PONDICHERRY

0.10

0.13

0.08

0.08

0.00

35

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

0.03

0.04

0.03

0.04

0.00

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



5.14

It can be seen from the above table, that in terms of market value of fixed assets, the top five States were Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Delhi and Punjab with a total share of 53.78 %. In terms of Original value of Plant & Machinery, the States of Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu being on top had a share of 49.31 %. In terms of employment, the top five States were Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Karnataka with a total share of 51.54 %. With regard to Gross output, the States of Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal, Delhi, Punjab and Maharashtra together had a share of 51.72 %.


TYPE OF ORGANISATION

5.15

About 97 % of the units in the unregistered SSI sector were proprietary units. They had the lion share in all aspects of the sector. The following table gives the details.


TABLE 23: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF ORGANISATION


 

Type of Org.

No. of Unregd. Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

Proprietary or HUF

96.90

92.54

91.51

95.10

88.25

97.86

Partnership

1.13

3.86

3.88

2.41

5.50

1.70

Pvt. Company

0.42

1.55

2.19

0.62

3.34

0.07

Cooperative

0.11

0.14

0.12

0.26

0.17

0.00

Others

1.44

1.91

2.30

1.60

2.74

0.37

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



TYPE OF MANAGEMENT

5.16

About 9.63 % of the units were managed by women as against 57 % units managed by entrepreneurs belonging to socially backward classes.


TABLE 24: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF MANAGEMENT


 

Type of
Management

No. of Unregd. Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

Male

90.37

93.96

95.32

92.38

95.28

99.72

Female

9.63

6.04

4.68

7.62

4.72

0.28

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

SC

10.32

5.76

5.08

8.88

5.87

0.51

ST

5.19

3.07

3.21

5.00

2.65

0.49

OBC

41.67

31.69

35.26

38.90

30.82

3.08

Others

42.82

59.48

56.45

47.21

60.66

95.92



MAIN SOURCE OF POWER


5.17

About 44 % of the units used electricity as the main source of power, whereas 42 % did not need any power for running the enterprise.


TABLE 25: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY TYPE OF POWER USED


 

Type of Power

No. of Unregd. Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

No Power Needed

42.15

20.09

16.25

38.08

22.07

1.32

Coal

3.23

3.48

1.68

4.56

2.89

0.36

Oil

6.07

5.53

8.22

6.32

5.46

0.97

LPG

0.60

0.78

0.55

0.67

1.76

0.07

Electricity

44.01

67.57

71.21

45.45

64.54

96.96

Non-Conventional Energy

0.66

0.41

0.36

0.61

0.43

0.04

Traditional Energy/ Firewood

3.28

2.13

1.73

4.31

2.84

0.29

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



NATURE OF ACTIVITY


5.18

The unregistered SSI sector was dominated by the Services sector with a share of about 45 % of the units. The manufacturing units numbered 36 % followed by units engaged in repair and maintenance with a share of 18.5 % in terms of number of units. The share in output of the manufacturing sector was more (about 56 %) compared to the other two sectors. The following table gives the details of shares of the three sectors in terms of different characteristics.


TABLE 26: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY NATURE OF ACTIVITY


 

Nature of Activity

No. of Unregd. Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

Manufacturing/ Assembly/ Processing

36.12

41.08

42.80

46.06

55.97

97.00

Repairing & Maintenance

18.50

15.62

11.09

15.53

11.71

1.55

Services

45.38

43.30

46.11

38.41

32.31

1.45

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



MAINTENANCE OF ACCOUNTS


5.19

The Third Census revealed that only 6.54 % of the units maintained accounts. This proportion was more in respect of Partnerships, Cooperatives and Private companies. Details are given in the following table.


TABLE 27: STATUS OF MAINTENANCE OF ACCOUNTS


 

Type of organization

Proportion (%) of units Maintaining Accounts among

Proprietary or HUF

6.17

Parthership

21.46

Pvt.Company

17.11

Cooperative

18.94

Others

15.54

Total

6.54



TECHNICAL KNOW-HOW


5.20

About 88.91 % of the units in the sector depended totally on their own skills, whereas 5.58 % of the units depended on the technical know-how obtained from domestic collaborating company/ unit. Another 4.84 % of the units obtained technical know-how from Domestic R&D Institution/ Special Agency/ Organisation whereas the number of units obtaining technical know-how from abroad was only 0.67 %. The State-wise details are given in table no. UR4 in the Appendix.


NATURE OF OPERATION


5.21

Over 92 % of the units in the sector were operated on perennial basis, whereas 5.52 % were seasonal units. The casual units were 2.39 % and these would be normally prone to sickness.


TABLE 28: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY NATURE OF OPERATION


 

Nature of Operation

No. of Unregd. Units

Market Value of
Fixed Assets

Original Value
of P & M

Employment

Gross Output

Export

Perennial

92.09

93.11

92.36

89.41

91.23

10.31

Seasonal

5.52

5.20

6.00

8.38

7.42

89.59

Casual

2.39

1.69

1.64

2.21

1.35

0.10

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00




5.22

The percentage distribution of units in the unregistered SSI sector, State-wise by nature of operation is given in the following table. The details of top 20 economic activities in each of the three categories are given in table no. UR5 in the Appendix.


TABLE 29: STATE-WISE PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF UNREGD. UNITS BY NATURE OF OPERATION


 

S. No.

Name of State/UT

Percentage No. of Units Having Nature of Operation

Total

Perennial

Seasonal

Casual

1

JAMMU & KASHMIR

91.55

6.31

2.14

100.00

2

HIMACHAL PRADESH

92.33

4.26

3.41

100.00

3

PUNJAB

94.48

3.67

1.85

100.00

4

CHANDIGARH

91.53

4.16

4.31

100.00

5

UTTARANCHAL

97.97

1.98

0.06

100.00

6

HARYANA

94.54

4.05

1.40

100.00

7

DELHI

96.66

1.85

1.49

100.00

8

RAJASTHAN

95.39

3.38

1.23

100.00

9

UTTAR PRADESH

93.39

5.95

0.65

100.00

10

BIHAR

88.64

10.53

0.83

100.00

11

SIKKIM

93.81

6.19

0.00

100.00

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

100.00

0.00

0.00

100.00

13

NAGALAND

99.37

0.55

0.08

100.00

14

MANIPUR

77.11

14.52

8.37

100.00

15

MIZORAM

86.58

11.85

1.57

100.00

16

TRIPURA

96.73

3.16

0.10

100.00

17

MEGHALAYA

97.62

2.38

0.00

100.00

18

ASSAM

95.63

3.57

0.80

100.00

19

WEST BENGAL

94.16

3.09

2.75

100.00

20

JHARKHAND

94.58

5.14

0.28

100.00

21

ORISSA

81.74

13.18

5.08

100.00

22

CHHATTISGARH

93.13

5.18

1.69

100.00

23

MADHYA PRADESH

91.46

6.68

1.86

100.00

24

GUJARAT

96.66

3.25

0.09

100.00

25 & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

97.13

2.87

0.00

100.00

27

MAHARASHTRA

91.56

6.64

1.80

100.00

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

89.59

4.93

5.49

100.00

29

KARNATAKA

87.52

8.06

4.42

100.00

30

GOA

96.41

1.49

2.10

100.00

31

LAKSHADWEEP

92.89

7.11

0.00

100.00

32

KERALA

91.40

2.96

5.64

100.00

33

TAMIL NADU

93.84

2.29

3.87

100.00

34

PONDICHERRY

94.50

4.68

0.83

100.00

35

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

99.53

0.00

0.47

100.00

All India

92.09

5.52

2.39

100.00



GROSS OUTPUT


5.23

The gross output in the unregistered SSI sector is estimated to be Rs.79,01,536 lakhs. About 51.39 % of this was from 95.39 % of the units each contributing up to Rs. One lakh output. Details are given in the following table.


TABLE 30: PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS, BY GROSS OUTPUT SLABS


 

Gross Output
Slabs (Rs. Lakhs)

No. of Units

Employment

Fixed Capital

Original P & M

Gross Output

Export

Up to 1

95.39

88.24

77.21

77.69

51.39

4.52

1 to 2

2.11

3.86

6.34

5.43

5.82

0.27

2 to 5

1.52

3.55

6.37

7.00

7.11

1.57

5 to 10

0.54

1.98

3.78

3.39

4.83

0.56

10 to 15

0.15

0.77

1.35

1.31

2.29

0.86

15 to 20

0.07

0.41

0.72

0.86

1.54

0.00

20 to 25

0.05

0.29

0.61

0.60

1.44

0.06

25 to 30

0.02

0.08

0.34

0.24

0.77

0.22

30 to 50

0.06

0.43

0.91

0.97

2.72

0.80

50 to 70

0.03

0.21

0.54

1.02

2.32

1.27

70 to 100

0.01

0.06

0.48

0.54

1.21

0.03

100 to 200

0.02

0.05

0.20

0.18

2.31

0.00

200 to 500

0.01

0.03

0.33

0.51

1.74

0.31

Above 500

0.01

0.05

0.82

0.26

14.53

89.52

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



INDUSTRIES IN THE UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR


5.24

About 619 economic activities as per NIC - 1998 (at 5-digit level) were found in the data file of the unregistered SSI sector. The top 20 economic activities in terms of nature of activity are given in tables UR6 in the Appendix.


PRODUCTS/ SERVICES IN THE UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR


5.25

About 2,680 products/ Services were found to have been produced/ rendered in the unregistered SSI Sector. Out of these, about 423 products were reserve products. About 92 % of the units had only one product/ service, whereas the remaining 8 % of the units had multiple products/ services. The State-wise details are given in the following table.


TABLE 31: PROFILE OF UNREGD.UNITS HAVING MULTIPLE PROD./ SERVICES, STATE-WISE


 

S. No.

Name of State/UT

Estimated percentage no. Of unregd. Units producing

Total

1 Product/ Services

2 Product/ Services

3 Product/ Services

4 Product/ Services

5 Product/ Services

1

JAMMU & KASHMIR

80.75

14.38

3.45

1.42

0.00

100

2

HIMACHAL PRADESH

67.61

23.57

5.42

3.17

0.24

100

3

PUNJAB

89.89

8.68

1.40

0.01

0.03

100

4

CHANDIGARH

85.32

14.62

0.06

0.00

0.00

100

5

UTTARANCHAL

92.26

5.52

1.65

0.57

0.00

100

6

HARYANA

90.47

8.04

1.30

0.18

0.01

100

7

DELHI

90.91

7.75

0.48

0.85

0.00

100

8

RAJASTHAN

93.10

6.09

0.72

0.06

0.02

100

9

UTTAR PRADESH

91.12

5.91

2.44

0.34

0.19

100

10

BIHAR

96.51

3.29

0.17

0.02

0.00

100

11

SIKKIM

66.67

33.33

0.00

0.00

0.00

100

12

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

76.33

2.51

7.92

0.00

13.24

100

13

NAGALAND

15.58

30.11

27.49

21.83

4.99

100

14

MANIPUR

52.73

29.45

15.62

1.91

0.29

100

15

MIZORAM

74.17

9.63

7.66

0.56

7.98

100

16

TRIPURA

88.98

4.21

5.36

1.45

0.00

100

17

MEGHALAYA

87.03

8.33

1.42

0.54

2.69

100

18

ASSAM

89.35

8.77

1.46

0.41

0.01

100

19

WEST BENGAL

90.14

6.92

2.32

0.58

0.05

100

20

JHARKHAND

89.72

8.90

1.38

0.00

0.00

100

21

ORISSA

91.03

6.65

1.89

0.29

0.15

100

22

CHHATTISGARH

88.77

7.46

2.12

0.41

1.25

100

23

MADHYA PRADESH

93.64

5.70

0.56

0.10

0.00

100

24

GUJARAT

99.97

0.03

0.00

0.00

0.00

100

25 & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

94.32

5.68

0.00

0.00

0.00

100

27

MAHARASHTRA

95.32

3.16

1.35

0.13

0.04

100

28

ANDHRA PRADESH

95.42

3.79

0.70

0.09

0.00

100

29

KARNATAKA

90.48

7.51

1.67

0.21

0.13

100

30

GOA

92.89

6.50

0.21

0.00

0.40

100

31

LAKSHADWEEP

85.99

12.50

1.51

0.00

0.00

100

32

KERALA

89.58

7.53

2.30

0.44

0.14

100

33

TAMIL NADU

98.38

1.02

0.59

0.00

0.00

100

34

PONDICHERRY

89.32

7.91

2.30

0.47

0.00

100

35

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

100.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

100

All India

92.33

5.71

1.54

0.29

0.12

100



5.26

The list of top 200 products/ services in terms of number of units is given in Table UR7 in the Appendix. About 86.5 % of the units produced/ rendered these products/ services. The list of top 200 products/ services contributing to 83 % of the Gross output is given in Table UR8 and the list of top 200 products/ services contributing to 84 % of the total employment is given in Table UR 9 in the Appendix. A total of 382 items of the products reserved for exclusive production in SSI sector were found in production in 8.28% of the total units in the unregistered SSI sector. They accounted for 9.64 % of the total employment in the unregistered SSI sector contributing to 8.7 % of the gross output in the sector and 0.91 % of total exports of the sector. These items accounted for 7.99 % of the market value of Fixed Assets and 8.11 % of total original value of plant and machinery in the unregistered SSI sector. The top 100 reserve products/ services had a share of 8.12 % in the Gross output. The list is given in Table UR10 in the Appendix. The top 100-reserve products/ services in terms of number of units covered 7.87 % of the units in the sector. This list is given in Table UR11 in the Appendix. The top 100 reserve products/ services in terms of employment had a share of 9 % in the total employment. The list is given in Table UR12 in the Appendix.


EMPLOYMENT PROFILE


5.27

The total employment in the unregistered SSI sector is estimated at 1,87,69,284. About 43 % of the units employed only one person. About 99 % of the units employed up to a maximum of 7 persons and these units had a share of about 91 % in the total employment of the sector. The details are given in the following table.


TABLE 32: PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS BY EMPLOYMENT SLABS


 

No. of persons
employed

No. of Unregd.
Units

Employment

Fixed Capital

Original value of
P & M

Gross Output

Exports

1

42.59

20.75

25.68

26.45

21.41

1.05

2 to 7

56.13

70.48

65.61

64.38

60.70

6.39

8 to 10

0.79

3.42

4.07

4.30

6.32

2.13

11 to 20

0.34

2.41

2.55

2.57

7.01

89.92

21 to 50

0.12

1.78

1.43

1.56

4.07

0.46

51 to 100

0.02

0.81

0.52

0.65

0.40

0.05

Above 100

0.01

0.35

0.14

0.09

0.09

0.00

All India

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00

100.00



5.28

The number of female employees was estimated to be 12.48 % and the number of employees belonging to socially backward classes, i.e., SCs, STs and OBCs was 57.59 %. The number of children employed was only 0.51 %. The details of gender and community status of the employees are given below.


TABLE 33


 

 

Employment

Percentage

Total

18769284

100.00

Female

2342781

12.48

SC

2142842

11.42

ST

1121106

5.97

OBC

7545921

40.20

Children

95980

0.51



5.29

The list of top 20 industries in terms of employment generation is given at table UR13 in the Appendix. These industries had a share of 61 % in the total employment in the sector. The details of industries which employed maximum females, SCs, STs, OBCs and Children are given in table no. UR14 in the Appendix.