CLUSTERS IN SSI SECTOR

12.1

Traditionally, there has been a phenomenon of a group of units manufacturing same or similar product in close geographical proximity to each other. Such groups were called clusters. Clustering has been recognised both nationally and internationally as an engine of growth and identification of the clusters in small-scale industries had facilitated effective policy formulation in the past. Clusters of Small Scale Industries were identified through the Second Census of Registered SSI units and are in use for various policy decisions till today. In view of the importance attached to clusters in the SSI sector, an attempt has been made to identify clusters in the Third Census of Small Scale Industries.

CLUSTERS IN THE REGISTERED SSI SECTOR

12.2

A district having 100 or more registered SSI units that were engaged in manufacturing the same product as per ASICC 2000 (at 5 digit) was considered as a cluster for that product in that district. Using this criterion, 1223 clusters covering 321 products were identified in the registered SSI sector. The list of the 1223 clusters is given in table no. R47 in the Appendix. These clusters rearranged into the 321 product-wise clusters are listed at table no. R48 in the Appendix. These clusters had a 32.68 % share in total number of registered units, 18.95 % in total market value of Fixed Assets, 16.99 % in total Gross Output and 27.66 % in total value of employment of manufacturing activity of the registered SSI sector. The details of the share of these clusters are given in the following table.

TABLE 64: CONTRIBUTION OF CLUSTERS IN REGISTERED SSI SECTOR

 

Estimated no. of units

Fixed investment

Gross output

Employment

For 1223 Clusters engaged in the mfg.
Activity in Regd. SSI sector

285150

158120276171

328620093184

1398846

For mfg. Activity in Regd. SSI sector

872449

834336889522

1933906829852

5056666

Share of the 1223 clusters in the mfg.
Activity in Regd. SSI sector (%)

32.68

18.95

16.99

27.66

12.3

The 1223 clusters were identified in 26 States. The State-wise distribution of clusters is given in the following table.

TABLE 65: CONTRIBUTION OF CLUSTERS IN REGISTERED SSI SECTOR

 

Estimated no. of units

Fixed investment

Gross output

Employment

For 1223 Clusters engaged in the mfg.
Activity in Regd. SSI sector

285150

158120276171

328620093184

1398846

For mfg. Activity in Regd. SSI sector

872449

834336889522

1933906829852

5056666

Share of the 1223 clusters in the mfg.
Activity in Regd. SSI sector (%)

32.68

18.95

16.99

27.66

TABLE 66: STATE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF CLUSTERS IN THE REGISTERED SSI SECTOR

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

Number of clusters

No. of Units

Fixed assets

Gross output

Employment

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

13

2016

409513235

1006869384

5561

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

20

4451

394851715

1097014031

8132

3.

PUNJAB

67

15568

20214275692

49438943264

88939

4.

CHANDIGARH

1

118

74390401

254287018

670

5.

UTTARANCHAL

17

3637

937879028

3496652716

7030

6.

HARYANA

38

7468

10499149811

31777254404

52171

7.

DELHI

2

260

2039718822

6870454690

7350

8.

RAJASTHAN

38

6664

4470554642

10633246927

26454

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

131

26910

10583481724

28492237797

100586

10.

BIHAR

54

10114

592669243

1222371600

24480

11.

MANIPUR

4

554

34497616

96645172

2180

12.

MIZORAM

1

135

23129543

35647918

559

13.

MEGHALAYA

1

113

24055730

159899723

479

14.

ASSAM

8

1613

210606980

450428459

6412

15.

WEST BENGAL

36

6984

1583610749

3797829638

34109

16.

JHARKHAND

15

2801

553868372

1468482317

11721

17.

ORISSA

4

587

166242081

358379096

2405

18.

CHHATTISGARH

24

5703

1434281032

1206977665

16039

19.

MADHYA PRADESH

91

18372

688741276

1635410535

38442

20.

GUJARAT

106

38828

22067972340

36246350226

195329

21.

MAHARASHTRA

74

18254

25379951579

36291398998

117874

22.

ANDHRA PRADESH

71

13888

11247413419

28004557754

79905

23.

KARNATAKA

126

29624

9511609382

17975948743

121706

24.

KERALA

149

35615

10978802099

14113669216

146116

25.

TAMIL NADU

131

34741

23984461113

52441742637

303699

26.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

1

132

14548547

47393256

498

Total

1223

285150

158120276171

328620093184

1398846

CLUSTERS IN THE UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR

12.4

In the unregistered sector, each district having an estimated number of 500 or more unregistered SSI units which were engaged in manufacturing of a product as per ASICC 2000 (at 5 digit) was considered to form a cluster of that product in that district. Using this criterion, 819 clusters covering 250 products were identified in the unregistered SSI sector. The list of the 819 clusters is given in table no. UR17 in the Appendix. These clusters rearranged into the 250 product-wise clusters are listed at table no. UR18 in the Appendix. These clusters had a share of 37.85 % in total estimated number of unregistered units, 22.45 % in total estimated market value of Fixed Assets, 21.04 % in total estimated Gross Output and 34.63 % in total estimated value of employment of the manufacturing activity in the unregistered SSI Sector. The 819 clusters were identified in 25 States/ UTs. The State-wise details are given in the following table.

TABLE 67: STATE-WISE DISTRIBUTION OF PRODUCT CLUSTERS IN DISTRICTS
HAVING 500 OR MORE UNITS (ESTIMATED) PRODUCING THE SAME
PRODUCT/SERVICE IN UNREGISTERED SSI SECTOR

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

Number of clusters

No. of Units

Fixed assets

Gross output

Employment

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

13

8582

255641391

349263167

16801

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

10

10963

366186009

264525740

12855

3.

PUNJAB

12

20431

2027795321

2105200315

34798

4.

CHANDIGARH

3

4050

562792000

2243326267

9612

5.

HARYANA

2

1130

167685938

270167812

1637

6.

DELHI

10

7662

877529966

1570389293

26462

7.

RAJASTHAN

31

30263

972965362

1221224422

48756

8.

UTTAR PRADESH

157

281356

18831160104

19181754177

763977

9.

BIHAR

85

155213

6408937474

10334010093

349038

10.

NAGALAND

3

3170

224653200

523326400

12734

11.

MANIPUR

13

18409

1409151163

1279721371

45347

12.

MEGHALAYA

3

4933

51023000

317785200

10336

13.

ASSAM

24

36683

1194789182

11347359147

90920

14.

WEST BENGAL

62

101334

4217738858

17505718798

305903

15.

JHARKHAND

21

50140

1025322117

1728173038

88306

16.

ORISSA

57

139101

2148870484

4774781560

335197

17.

CHHATTISGARH

18

17725

642475524

778563000

68290

18.

MADHYA PRADESH

64

83374

1282528991

2279678876

151922

19.

GUJARAT

9

17825

147178508

360094366

26999

20.

MAHARASHTRA

42

51227

3474999082

3017629833

108154

21.

ANDHRA PRADESH

79

90174

6636171717

6575376326

225115

22.

KARNATAKA

55

54360

2698949830

2457206519

127806

23.

KERALA

17

35089

558418676

1256509206

64236

24.

TAMIL NADU

28

26499

1483231752

67180

1300494906

25.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

1

514

13720000

28112280

1029

Total

819

1250207

57679915649

93070392112

2993410

Share (Percentage) in Manufacturing activity in the unregistered SSI sector

 

37.85

22.45

21.04

34.63