PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN SSI SECTOR

11.1

The participation of women in SSI sector has been identified in three different roles. Some women were owners of enterprises, some were managers of enterprises and some were employees. With regard to ownership, an SSI or a SSSBE managed by one or more women entrepreneurs in proprietary concerns, or in which she/ they individually or jointly have a share capital of not less than 51 % as partners/ share holders/ Directors of Private Limited Company/ Members of Co-operative Society is called a 'Woman enterprise'.

WOMEN ENTERPRISES AND SSI UNITS MANAGED BY WOMEN

11.2

The total number of women enterprises in the Total SSI Sector was estimated at 10,63,721 (10.11 %). The estimated number of enterprises actually managed by women was 9,95,141 (9.46 %). In the States of Mizoram, Orissa, Karnataka, Goa, Lakshadweep, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the share of women employment was significantly higher (more than 20 %). The position of women entrepreneurships and women enterprises is given State-wise in the following table.

TABLE 61: PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN IN MANAGEMENT/OWNERSHIP
IN SSI SECTOR, STATE-WISE

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

No. of Enterprises
Managed By Women

No. of Women
Enterprises

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

5640

5742

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

3515

3722

3.

PUNJAB

30190

29068

4.

CHANDIGARH

2059

2243

5.

UTTARANCHAL

8706

8804

6.

HARYANA

10087

9620

7.

DELHI

13368

14383

8.

RAJASTHAN

29785

36371

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

54491

72667

10.

BIHAR

38170

49443

11.

SIKKIM

30

98

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

131

150

13.

NAGALAND

207

179

14.

MANIPUR

9168

10745

15.

MIZORAM

3076

3700

16.

TRIPURA

631

863

17.

MEGHALAYA

3658

3580

18.

ASSAM

11189

11757

19.

WEST BENGAL

71847

69625

20.

JHARKHAND

7271

7865

21.

ORISSA

33274

38233

22.

CHHATTISGARH

11766

10034

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

62351

68823

24.

GUJARAT

55361

53703

25. & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

167

213

27.

MAHARASHTRA

80662

100670

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

77347

77166

29.

KARNATAKA

101264

103169

30.

GOA

677

810

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

61

67

32.

KERALA

137561

139225

33.

TAMIL NADU

130289

129808

34.

PONDICHERRY

1089

1065

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

53

110

All India

995141

1063721

11.3

About 13 % of the women enterprises were in the registered SSI sector and the remaining 87 % were in the unregistered SSI sector. With regard to the enterprises managed by women, 11.5 % were in the registered SSI sector and 88.5 % were in the unregistered SSI sector. The State/ UT - wise distributions of units managed by women and women enterprises in respect of registered and unregistered SSI sectors are given in Table R46 and Table UR16 in the Appendix.

11.4

The share of the units managed by women in terms employment was 7.14. The employment generated per Rs. one lakh investment in the units managed by women was 2.49. Principal Characteristics of SSI units managed by women are presented in the following table.

TABLE 62: PRINCIPAL CHARACTERISTICS OF SSI UNITS MANAGED BY WOMEN

For units managed by women

No. of units

Market Value of
fixed assets

Original Value of
plant & machinery

Employment

Gross output

Exports

Regd. SSI Sector

114362

33624570500

11047852474

349342

60316833602

3314822655

Percentage to total of the respective category

8.32

3.66

3.64

5.67

2.97

2.69

Unregd. SSI Sector

880780

37763317590

11496115541

1429962

37324824839

53802469

Percentage to total of the respective category

9.63

6.04

4.68

7.62

4.72

0.28

Total SSI Sector

995142

71387888090

22543968015

1779304

97641658441

3368625124

Percentage to total of the respective category

9.46

4.63

4.11

7.14

3.46

2.37

FEMALE EMPLOYMENT

11.5

The total number of female employees in the SSI sector is estimated at 33,17,496. About 57.62 % of the female employees were employed in the SSI units located in the States of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karntaka, West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh. The State-wise details are given in the following table.

TABLE 63: EMPLOYMENT OF FEMALES IN SSI SECTOR, STATE-WISE

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

No. Of Female Employees

Regd. SSI sector

Unregd. SSI sector

Total

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

3313

8153

11466

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

4016

4134

8150

3.

PUNJAB

11757

36013

47770

4.

CHANDIGARH

659

1975

2634

5.

UTTARANCHAL

2940

13240

16180

6.

HARYANA

15651

14889

30540

7.

DELHI

6306

35798

42104

8.

RAJASTHAN

15003

46065

61068

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

23506

180918

204424

10.

BIHAR

8353

68908

77261

11.

SIKKIM

212

9

221

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

342

104

446

13.

NAGALAND

637

2574

3211

14.

MANIPUR

3853

19485

23338

15.

MIZORAM

2188

4636

6824

16.

TRIPURA

4294

3325

7619

17.

MEGHALAYA

3139

5664

8803

18.

ASSAM

9077

16988

26065

19.

WEST BENGAL

26549

304969

331518

20.

JHARKHAND

5105

8907

14012

21.

ORISSA

11723

213123

224846

22.

CHHATTISGARH

10177

52476

62653

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

29612

111703

141315

24.

GUJARAT

41189

79990

121179

25. & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

6106

126

6232

27.

MAHARASHTRA

78731

162700

241431

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

60693

270026

330719

29.

KARNATAKA

117934

223142

341076

30.

GOA

5309

1833

7142

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

26

405

431

32.

KERALA

189640

224491

414131

33.

TAMIL NADU

270936

223050

493986

34.

PONDICHERRY

5613

2670

8283

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

124

294

418

All India

974713

2342783

3317496

11.6

The proportion of female employees in the total employment in the SSI sector was of the order of 13.31 %. In the States of Mizoram, Orissa, Karnataka, Goa, Lakshadweep, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Pondicherry, the share of women employment was significantly higher (more than 20 %) compared to the total employment in the respective States.

TABLE 64

S. No.

Name of State/ UT

Percentage of Female
employment in the total
employment of the State

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

7.51

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

6.26

3.

PUNJAB

5.26

4.

CHANDIGARH

5.46

5.

UTTARANCHAL

8.28

6.

HARYANA

5.52

7.

DELHI

6.72

8.

RAJASTHAN

7.04

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

5.11

10.

BIHAR

7.14

11.

SIKKIM

16.72

12.

ARUNACHAL PRADESH

12.10

13.

NAGALAND

5.65

14.

MANIPUR

17.06

15.

MIZORAM

27.46

16.

TRIPURA

13.38

17.

MEGHALAYA

13.42

18.

ASSAM

6.08

19.

WEST BENGAL

15.28

20.

JHARKHAND

5.08

21.

ORISSA

24.36

22.

CHHATTISGARH

11.78

23.

MADHYA PRADESH

10.51

24.

GUJARAT

9.57

25. & 26

DAMAN & DIU & DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

14.83

27.

MAHARASHTRA

11.77

28.

ANDHRA PRADESH

15.46

29.

KARNATAKA

20.81

30.

GOA

24.37

31.

LAKSHADWEEP

26.31

32.

KERALA

37.15

33.

TAMIL NADU

24.48

34.

PONDICHERRY

23.52

35.

ANDAMAN & NICOBAR ISLANDS

5.59

All India

13.31