EXPORTS IN SSI SECTOR

10.1

The existing official estimates on exports are based on the data collected from the Export Promotion Council of India and the Ministry of Commerce. The estimates of exports emanating from the Third Census were found to be underestimates. Besides, non-reporting and underreporting by the concerned entrepreneurs, the most important reason for underestimation was that most of the SSI units do not export their products themselves. The exports are done through Export/ Merchant Houses, most of which are located in the Export Zones like Ports. These activities were not covered in the Third Census. Hence, the official estimates in vogue are more reliable. Keeping in view this limitation, the Third Census data on exports is analysed.

10.2

Information on exports during the reference period 2001-02 was collected in the Third Census. It was estimated that there were 50,606 exporting units accounting for exports to the tune of Rs.14,19,956 lakhs. The value of exports was only 5% of the Gross output. The registered SSI sector accounted for 87% of the total exports with only 14.5% of the exporting units.

10.3

The States of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, West Bengal and Maharashtra together accounted for 55.41% of the total exporting units in the country. The State-wise distribution of number of exporting units in the SSI sector is given in the following table.

 

TABLE 57: DISTRIBUTION OF EXPORTING UNITS IN THE SSI SECTOR, STATE-WISE



 

S. No.

Name of State

No. Of Exporting Units

Percentage to
Total

   

Regd. SSI sector

Unregd. SSI sector

Total

 

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

22

58

80

0.16

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

23

97

120

0.24

3.

PUNJAB

514

934

1448

2.86

4.

CHANDIGARH

13

15

28

0.06

5.

UTTARANCHAL

19

659

678

1.34

6.

HARYANA

442

989

1431

2.83

7.

DELHI

337

510

847

1.67

8.

RAJASTHAN

240

1558

1798

3.55

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

975

7067

8042

15.89

10.

BIHAR

81

1595

1676

3.31

11.

SIKKIM

65

90

155

0.02

12.

NAGALAND

1

453

454

0.90

13.

MANIPUR

8

0

8

0.02

14.

MIZORAM

4

188

192

0.38

15.

TRIPURA

10

83

93

0.18

16.

ASSAM

20

1438

1458

2.88

17.

WEST BENGAL

265

2543

2808

5.55

18.

JHARKHAND

85

3008

3093

6.11

19.

ORISSA

43

1681

1724

3.41

20.

CHHATTISGARH

126

2577

2703

5.34

21.

MADHYA PRADESH

89

8207

8296

16.39

22.

GUJARAT

404

99

503

0.99

23.

DAMAN & DIU

30

0

30

0.06

24.

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

21

0

21

0.04

25.

MAHARASHTRA

1138

1605

2743

5.42

26.

ANDHRA PRADESH

430

1988

2418

4.78

27.

KARNATAKA

443

2618

3061

6.05

28.

GOA

19

 

19

0.04

29.

KERALA

474

1707

2181

4.31

30.

TAMIL NADU

1032

1570

2602

5.14

31.

PONDICHERRY

35

8

43

0.08

32.

LAKSHADWEEP

0

7

7

0.01

All India

7344

43262

50606

100.00



10.4

The States of Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Maharashtra and Delhi together accounted for about 74 % of the total exports in the SSI sector. Details are given in the following table.

 

TABLE 58: DISTRIBUTION OF VALUE OF EXPORTS IN THE SSI SECTOR, STATE-WISE



 

S. No.

Name of State

Value of Exports (in Rs.)

Percentage to
Total

   

Regd. SSI sector

Unregd. SSI sector

Total

 

1.

JAMMU & KASHMIR

11606571

8435059

20041630

0.01

2.

HIMACHAL PRADESH

134526415

3807921

138334336

0.10

3.

PUNJAB

10985479152

16962274936

27947754088

19.68

4.

CHANDIGARH

145822866

741

145823607

0.10

5.

UTTARANCHAL

154059488

29447984

183507472

0.13

6.

HARYANA

14273833050

13219592

14287052642

10.06

7.

DELHI

12496320520

430909290

12927229810

9.10

8.

RAJASTHAN

5738756796

163914777

5902671573

4.16

9.

UTTAR PRADESH

14201280757

219136157

14420416914

10.16

10.

BIHAR

20187705

32829536

53017241

0.04

11.

SIKKIM

2655657

0

2655657

0.00

12.

NAGALAND

11120000

67630532

78750532

0.06

13.

MANIPUR

1258409

940000

2198409

0.00

14.

MIZORAM

365315

3179264

3544579

0.00

15.

TRIPURA

581000

103274288

103855288

0.07

16.

ASSAM

51325230

92715545

144040775

0.10

17.

WEST BENGAL

5633834885

43319309

5677154194

4.00

18.

JHARKHAND

219863378

50757457

270620835

0.19

19.

ORISSA

2869129515

7785587

2876915102

2.03

20.

CHHATTISGARH

13172301

77650832

90823133

0.06

21.

MADHYA PRADESH

1935818356

3229498

1939047854

1.37

22.

GUJARAT

195581922

 

195581922

0.14

23.

DAMAN & DIU

935189853

 

935189853

0.66

24.

DADRA & NAGAR HAVELI

322063659

 

322063659

0.23

25.

MAHARASHTRA

12935164735

115584008

13050748743

9.19

26.

ANDHRA PRADESH

4630708976

54157925

4684866901

3.30

27.

KARNATAKA

5118606261

90574586

5209180847

3.67

28.

GOA

161834315

 

161834315

0.11

29.

KERALA

7357053531

44351643

7401405174

5.21

30.

TAMIL NADU

21939828133

293154776

22232982909

15.66

31.

PONDICHERRY

585529703

7896

585537599

0.41

32.

LAKSHADWEEP

0

742500

742500

0.00

All India

123082558454

18913031639

141995590093

100.00



EXPORTING INDUSTRIES

10.5

The top 20 economic activities contributing significantly to the exports in the Registered and Unregistered SSI sectors are given in the following tables.

 

TABLE 59: TOP 20 EXPORTING INDUSTRIES IN THE REGD. SSI SECTOR



 

S. No.

NIC Code

No. Of Units

Value of Exports (in Rs.)

Percentage to
Total

1.

18101

582

22156523004

18.00

2.

17301

209

7828602828

6.36

3.

15124

64

6345519488

5.16

4.

72203

39

4933274073

4.01

5.

19201

126

4612461220

3.75

6.

28995

334

4268481067

3.47

7.

15493

139

3344081621

2.72

8.

15312

225

2814238895

2.29

9.

18104

30

2679894321

2.18

10.

19122

61

2473013839

2.01

11.

17225

51

2389816400

1.94

12.

19113

10

1976616033

1.61

13.

36912

13

1963163500

1.59

14.

15127

11

1786562752

1.45

15.

17211

31

1610914266

1.31

16.

15146

5

1445795992

1.17

17.

36939

27

1402855213

1.14

18.

28939

95

1292865712

1.05

19.

17115

105

1263471843

1.03

20.

34300

87

1208002315

0.98

Total

2244

77796154382

63.21



 

TABLE 60: TOP 10 INDUSTRIES IN TERMS OF VALUE OF EXPORTS IN THE UNREGD. SSI SECTOR



 

S. No.

NIC Code

No. Of Units

Value of Exports (in Rs.)

Percentage to
Total

1.

17302

174

16914408267

89.43

2.

18101

256

365256459

1.93

3.

17115

93

244114108

1.29

4.

15312

2290

139587076

0.74

5.

17211

273

120767108

0.64

6.

18105

5382

102964411

0.54

7.

50200

1826

84158577

0.44

8.

36101

1369

66888625

0.35

9.

24239

159

64835069

0.34

10.

28991

192

58924357

0.31

Total

12014

18161904057

96.03



EXPORT PRODUCTS

10.6

The lists of top 200 and 100 exporting products respectively in the Registered and Unregistered SSI sectors in terms of value of exports are given in tables R45 and UR15, in the Appendix. The 200 products in the registered SSI Sector accounted for 76% of the exports.