Development Centre (formerly-CIGI), Firozabad (U.P.)
- INTRODUCTION: Center for the Development of Glass
Industry(CDGI) has been set up at Firozabad in India in
collaboration with UNDP/UNIDO and Government of UP. CDGI
aims to assist the glass industry for improving its overall
performance particularly in the areas of technology upgradation,
energy conservation, introduction of value added glass articles
and skill development.
CDGI project has various modules of activities viz. chemical
and physical testing of raw materials and finished products,
measurement and control of pollution. Pilot plant consultancy
services and training The pilot plant comprises of gas fired
modern furnaces and is also equipped with latest moulding
and shaping machines including cutting and decoration of
glass articles which is used for providing common facility
services and also for transfer of technology to the glass
Firozabad falls under Taj Trapezium Zone and as per the
direction of Supreme Court all the coal based furnaces are
required to be replaced by gas based furnaces. This would
in turn necessitate higher investment as also the need for
improving quality of the product so that the higher investment
could be justified. Besides, there is need to improve skills
both in the hot forming glass as also in the cold forming
of glass products. CDGI is working as a demonstration project
on various facets of these technological aspects and its
endeavour is to provide total package of technological back
up services. Since the pilot plant of the unit which is
core unit of the project has been installed and made operational,
the Center is capable of providing services in the field
of glass melting and development and its standardization.
- The project has been set up during the year 1992. The
immediate objectives of the project are as under :
- Creation of new job opportunities and improvement
of skills and working conditions for workers/artisans
engaged in the small scale glass industry
- Efficient utilization of energy and mineral resources
for glass industry
- Development and adoption of new technologies and
- Protection of environment
Keeping with its objectives, the Center is now well equipped
to provide technological support services through its well
equipped sections and divisions manned with highly skilled
and motivated work force.
The Center is equipped with following sections and divisions
CHEMICAL LABORATORY: Chemical Laboratory is fully equipped
to carry out qualitative as well as quantitative analysis
of raw materials, finished glass refractory materials etc.
It is equipped with sophisticated equipment such as spectrophotometer,
Flame Photometer and Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer.
The Laboratory has been performing about 350 testings of
raw material and finished glass products every year.
PHYSICAL LABORATORY : Physical Laboratory is equipped with
Softening point, Annealing point, Strain point, Liquidus
temperature, Coefficient of thermal expansion measuring
equipment. Besides, it has the facilities for Petrographic
Analysis to identify the defects in the Glass. The Polaroscope
and Density comparator are available for Strain measurement
and determination of specific gravity of Glass. The Physical
laboratory is also equipped with a Flue Gas Analyzer and
Radiation Pyrometers for analyzing the Flue Gases and to
measure temperature in the furnaces.
PILOT PLANT : The Pilot Plant of the Center is capable of
melting Glass in quantities ranging from 2 kg. to 1000 kg.
It has also experimental furnaces, one Studio Pot Furnace
and one Single Pot Furnace and a Day Tank Furnace. It is
also equipped with one annealing lehr, two Annealing kilns
and one pot arch.
The Batch house has the facilities not only for weighing
and mixing of the raw materials but also for their processing
such as Grading, Iron removal, Crushing etc. The Forming
section includes one Spinning Machine, one Injection Moulding
Machine and one Schiller Machine (Bottle making machine),
Press machine, Press and Blow machine, Suction & Blow machine
capable of handling small scale production. The finishing
section is equipped with Crack off machine, Grinding machine,
Polishing machine and Diamond saw. The Pilot Plant also
has facilities for Glass cutting, Glass engraving, Glass
painting, Sand blasting and Acid polishing of Glassware.
FURNACE DESIGN: The Center has been designing and constructing
various types of furnaces for application in the small scale
glass units. A Day Tank Furnace was designed and constructed
in the centre. The advantage of a Day Tank is that it functions
like a Pot Furnace yet free from the menace of Pot failures.
The other furnaces designed by the Center include Small
Tank furnace, Pot furnace of various capacities, Muffle
Furnaces for Bangle industries and Annealing kiln for high
POT DEVELOPMENT : Another important area in which Center
has contributed significantly is the development of Glass
melting pots. The average life of the Pot witnessed by the
Firozabad glass industries averaged 15 to 20 days only.
By systematic investigations and adopting scientific practices,
the Center has developed Pots with an average life of 60
days or more. The work is in progress to establish a pot
life of more than 100 days. The Pot making division is equipped
with Jaw Crusher, Disintegrator, Edge Runner, Ball Mill,
Vibrating Screen and De-airing Pug Mill, which enable the
processing of 50 Tons of Pot Mix per month.
MOULD DEVELOPMENT : The Center has a well equipped workshop
with Lathe machine, Milling machine, Shaper, Cutter, Drilling
machine, Grinder etc. to be able to prepare high quality
moulds for the Glass industry.
ENERGY CONSERVATION : Realizing the importance of Energy
Conservation in Glass industry, the Center has taken initiative
to launch programmes that lead to conservation of energy.
It is providing temperature measurement and Flue Gas monitoring
services to industries, as well as improving upon insulation
and waste heat recovery. It is also working in close cooperation
with the Energy Management Center to install Electronic
Process Control Devices in furnaces to improve their energy
CONSULTANCY & TROUBLE SHOOTING SERVICES : The Center has
been offering Consultancy services to industry on regular
basis in various areas such as Plant lay out, Furnace design,
Equipment selection, Product development, Batch formulation,
Energy conservation etc. Trouble Shooting services are available
in the areas of Glass defect identification & Combustion
- Services Provided By The Center To The Glass Industry
The Center for the Development of Glass Industry provides
host of services in the field of glass manufacture to the
glass industry through its well equipped laboratory, batch
house, pilot plant and decoration unit etc.
Major services are enumerated below:
- Chemical testing of glass forming raw materials and
finished products with latest equipment like AAS, Flame
photometer, Spectro Photometer, Bomb Calorimeter etc.
- Physical testing of glass like Density, Annealing,
Softening Point, Co-efficient of Thermal Expansion,
Detection of Stress and Strain in glass etc.
- Pollution control viz. Stack monitoring, Ambient
air quality, suspended particulate matter, Sulphur dioxide
and Oxides of Nitrogen and flue gas analysis.
- Development of different type and colours of glasses
and their standardization
- Demonstration of glass melting and shaping by newer
processes like spin moulding, injection moulding and
- Energy Conservation and management in glass industry.
- Development of glass melting pots and its body. Techniques
of pot Arching.
- Design and development of day tank furnaces
- Consultancy and troubleshooting services
- Development of human resource in the following discipline
- Chemical Laboratory Practices
- Physical Laboratory Practices
- Glass Production
- Glass Forming
- Furnace Operations & Combustion Control
- Glass Cutting and Engraving
- Glass Painting
- Sand Blasting and Acid Polishing
- For availing the above services and further details,
please contact at the following address
Shri Arvind Kumar
(Principal Director I/c)
MSME-Technology Development Centre
(Center for the Development of Glass Industry)
A-1/1, Industrial Area,
Jalesar Road, P.O.Muddinpur
Firozabad - 283 203 (U.P.)
Phone No.: 05612 232293,232447
Fax No.: 05612 - 232326
Email Id: firstname.lastname@example.org , email@example.com
Website : www.cdgiindia.org