FOREWORD

The Industrial Potential Survey of Thane District has been prepared as a part of the Core Action Programme for the year 2000-2001 of the Development Commissioner (SSI), Ministry of SSI, Agro & Rural Industries, Government of India, New Delhi.

Thane is an industrially advanced district of the State of Maharashtra. Thane, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar, Bhiwandi, Vasai are the industrially developed tehsils and mostly urbanized. On the contrary, Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Dahanu, Wada and Palghar are Tribal talukas/Blocks having maximum tribal population. Out of these Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Wada, Dahanu are industrially backward areas. The district is largely industrialised having 10 MIDC areas, 2 Co-operative Industrial Estates and Industrial Growth Centers in Jawhar and Wada blocks. The major industries in the district are Chemical, Automobiles, Pharmaceutical, Artificial fibre, Plastic and Plastic goods, Fertilizers, Insecticides, Paints, Edible items etc.

This report highlights the economic resources of the district which have great Potentials for the economic development. Simultaneously, the report review the past growth in the direction of industrialization and suggest the Potential areas for such future growth.

I hope, this report will be very helpful to the existing as well as the prospective entrepreneurs in planning their future ventures in the district.

This Institute acknowledge with thanks the valuable services offered by District Industries Centre, Thane and other Government/Semi-Government Organisations provided information and help during conducting the survey report.

I appreciate the efforts of Mrs. Jyotsna Khedekar, Small Industry Promotion Officer (EI) for compiling and preparing this report under the guidance of Shri O.M. Prabhakaran, Deputy Director (Statistics).

(P.K. MUKHERJEE)

DIRECTOR

THANE DISTRICT AT A GLANCE

Sl.No.

Particulars

Unit

Thane

Maharashtra

1.

Area

 

a) Geographical Area

Th.Hect.

934

30758

 

b) Forest Area

Th.Hect.

346

5370

 

c) Culturable Area

Th.Hect.

380

22083

2.

Population (1991)

 

a) Rural

In '000's

1856

48396

 

b) Urban

In '000's

3393

30541

 

c) Total

In '000's

5249

78937

 

d) Schedule Caste

In '000's

272

8758

 

e) Schedule Tribe

In '000's

951

7318

 

f) Density

Sq. Kms.

549

257

3.

Talukas (98-99)

Nos.

13

326

4.

Cities

Nos.

23

336

5.

Villages

Nos.

1697

43864

6.

Rate of Literacy (1991)

 

a) Male

Percentage

77.56

76.6

 

b) Female

Percentage

60.28

52.3

 

c) Total

Percentage

69.54

64.87

7.

Roads

 

a) National Highway

Km.

226

3399

 

b) State Highway

Km.

1194

33223

 

c) District Roads

Km.

1850

87989

 

d) Village Roads

Km.

2566

82280

8.

Railway

Km.

346

5554

9.

No. of Post Offices

Nos.

405

12358

10.

No. of Telegraph Offices

Nos.

64

N.A.

11.

No.of Telephone Exchanges

Nos.

564221

N.A.

12.

Bank Branches (Scheduled)

Nos.

360

6103

13.

Bank Branches (Co-op.)

Nos.

155

N.A.

14.

Existing Indl. Estates

Nos.

10

204

15.

Large Scale Units

Nos.

1548

N.A.

16.

Small Scale Units (PMT)

Nos.

10813

155350

 

(Upto March 2000)

 

 

 

17.

Growth Centres

Nos.

02

68

 

 

 

 

 

 

Note:- N.A. = Not Available

 

Source:-

 

1) District Statistical Abstract (1998-99)

 

2) Lead Bank (Thane District) Annual Credit Plan (1999-2000)

CHAPTER – 1

INTRODUCTION

  1. Thane is the third Most industrialised district in the State.
  2. The Thane-Belapur-Kalyan industrial belt is the Centre of highly sophisticated modern industries. The industrial growth in the district, however, is concentrated in this industrial belt. The district can be divided into three distinct parts. The first is the area under direct influence of Mumbai metropolis. This area is more or less suburban to the metropolis and includes Thane, Kalyan and Ulhasnagar talukas where a number of organised modern industries are concentrated. The second zone comprises the industrially developing areas of Vasai, Bhivandi, Palghar and Dahanu. The third part includes the rest of the area of the district having conventional village industries, age-old cottage industries and primary processing agro-industries.

    The total geographical area of the district is 934 thousands hectares which is 3.11% of the total geographical area of the State. There are 13 talukas i.e. Thane, Vasai, Palghar, Dahanu, Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Wada, Bhiwandi, Shahapur, Murbad, Kalyan and Ulhasnagar in the district.

  3. This report is an attempt to identify industrial possibilities in the Thane district based on the already existing/flourishing industries and the raw material, market opportunities etc. available to the district. The types of industries already existing give an idea of the extent and type of industrial development in the district.
  4. The government’s objective of achieving balanced regional development encouraging new and prospective entrepreneurs, optimum utilisation of scarce resources, making use of highly sophisticated technology and exploiting/improving local skills etc. have been kept in mind while preparing this report. The role of Government Departments, Agencies engaged in industrial promotion and economic development etc. has been analysed and also the industrial and economic policies of the government have been considered in the report.
  5. The report has been prepared based on the primary information made available from refering various documents, reports related to Thane district.

1.5 The field visit for preparing the report was conducted during the month of August, 2000.

CHAPTER - 2

PROFILE OF THANE DISTRICT

2.1 Location:

Thane, the northern-most district of Konkan, lies adjoining the Arabian Sea in the north-west of Maharastra Staste. It extends between 18*42’ and 20*20’ north latitude and 72*45’ and 73*45’ east longitude. Its northern limits adjoin the Union territories of Dadra,. Nagar Haveli and the State of Gujarat while the districts of Nasik and Ahmednagar are to its east, Pune to the South-East, Raigad to the south and Mumbai Metropolitan to the South-West.

2.2 Topography:

The total geographical area of the district is 9558 Sq. Kms which is 3.11% of the total Maharashtra area. The district has 13 tehsils out of which Shahapur tehsil is the largest area of 1555 Sq. Kms and Talasari tehsil is the smallest area of 268 Sq. Kms.

Topographically, district can be divided into 3 parts:-

  1. In the Eastern Part of the district, Sahyadri ranges are spread and its north side the thick forest area is situated.
  2. The Central Region of the district is mostly flat area and Rice farming is done in this area.
  3. In the coastal part and 15 to 20 Kms, its nearby area cultivated for Vegetables, Fruits and high quality of grass.

2.3 Climate:

The climate of this district is characterised by high humidity nearly all the year round, an oppressive summer season and well distributed and heavy rainfall during the South-West monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season from December to February is followed by the Summer Season from March to June. The South-West monsoon season is from June to September, October and November constitute the post-monsoon season.

2.4 Rain-Fall:

In the State, the Konkan Division is known as heavy rainy area in which Thane district is included. The district receives rainfall from South-West monsoon. The rain falls in the district is during the months June to September. During the year 1998-99, the maximum rainfall in the district was 3538 mm in Palghar taluka and minimum rainfall in the district was 1908 mm in Ulhasnagar taluka.

2.5 Soil:

There are no major soil extraction and mines in the district. There are stone mines seen near the area of Thane, Bhiwandi and Kalyan Cities. The business is seen to take out sand from sea in Vasai, Ghodbunder, Mumbra, Kalyan and Thane area of the district. This sand is used mostly in constructing the building. Deposits of raddish laterite clay are also found near gokhivare in vasai tehsil. This is used for making bricks, tiles and cheap red glazed utensils.

During 1998-99, the revenue of Rs. 8,49,55,534/- received from stone, sand and clay in the district. During 1996-97, this revenue was Rs. 4,69,42,255/-.

2.6 Rivers:

The major rivers of the district are (1) Vaitarana and (2) Ulhas.

The important tributaries of Vaitarna river are:
1) Pinjal, 2) Deharja, 3) Surya, 4) Tansa

The tributaries of Ulhas river are:
1) Barvi, 2) Bhatsa, 3) Kalu

Vaitarna is navigable for 25 Kms. Inside the coast and Ulhas is navigable 40 Kms from Kalyan.

There are following major water supply and irrigation projects in the district:-

i) Surya in Jawhar Tehsils – Irrigation Project.
ii) Bhatsa in Shahapur Tehsil – Irrigation
iii) Tansa in Shahapur Tehsil – Water Supply Project
iv) Vaitarna in Shahapur Tehsil – Water Supply Project
v) Barvi in Murbad Tehsil – Water Supply Project

2.7 Forests:

The total forest area of the district is 3463 Sq. Kms. Which is the 37.10% of total geographical area. Out of this forest area of the district, in Shahpur 20.62%, Palaghar 14.09%,Jawhar 9.99%, Wada 10.08%, Murbad 6.38%. and Dahanu 12.79% and in vasai 6.56%. Total 80.51% forest area spread in these seven talukas only.

The main forest products of the district are Sag, Ain, Hirda, Timber wood which is mostly used in construction purpose.

During 1998-99, total forest revenue of the district was Rs. 51491 thousands which was increased by 21.62% compared to the year 1997-98. Of Rs. 42,338 thousands. The revenue received from Timber wood and Fire wood is 84.51% of total forest revenue.

2.8 Population:

According to 1991 Census, the population of the district was 52.49 lakhs. During 1981 to 1991, this population was increased by 56.59%. This increased rate was highest in the State for this period. The rural population of the district was 35.36% and the urban population of the district was 64.64%. Out of total urban population, 73.13% are found in Thane, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar, Bhivandi & Vasai Cities. The literacy rate in the district is 69.54% which is the higher than State rate of literacy 64.9%. The male literacy rate of the district is 77.56% and the female literacy rate of the district is 60.28% which both are higher than State rate 76.6% and 52.3% respectively. The district is at 6th rank in the State for literacy. The density of population in the district is 549 persons per Sq. Kms. Which is much higher of State density rate of 257 persons per Sq. Kms.

2.9 Occupational Structure:

According to 1991 Population Census, the total working population in the district was 1961704 persons which was 37.37% of the total population of the district. Out of total working force, 30.75% are engaged in agriculture and allied activities, 1.19% in manufacturing, Service and Cottage industries and remaining 30.69% are in other activities. Out of total working force, the women working force was 22.89% in the district.

2.10 Administrative Set Up:

According to Administrative convenient, the State is divided in six regional division. The Thane district is included in Konkan Region Division. The district consists of 13 tehsils which are Thane, Vasai, Palghar, Dahanu, Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Bhiwandi, Wada, Shahapur, Murbad, Kalyan and Ulhasnagar.

At the district level, Collector is the Administrative Chief and the Tehsildar at Tehsil level. For rural development, Chief Executive Officer of Zilla Parishad, at district level and Block Development Officer at Block level, are in charge of the administration. Municipal Councils are responsible for urban development work.

The following table indicates the administrative set up of Thane district alongwith the comparative position of Maharashtra State.

TABLE - 1
ADMINISTRATIVE SET UP (1998-99)

Sl.No

Particulars

Unit

Thane

Maharashtra

1

Tehsils

Nos.

13

326

2

Panchayat Samities

Nos.

12

320

3

Draught Talukas

Nos.

00

N.A.

4

Cities

Nos.

23

336

5

Villages

Nos.

1697

43864

6

Area

Sp. Kms.

9558

307713

7

Mahanagar Palika

Nos.

04

15

8

Nagar Palika

Nos.

10

228

9

Gram Panchayati

Nos.

927

27598

N.A. Not available

2.11 Historical Background and Importance:

Thane History can be divided into four periods, the Early Hindu period partly mythic and partly historic, coming down to about AD 1300 and properly called Ancient period; the Muslim period lasting from 1300 to 1660; the Maratha period from from 1660 to 1800; and the British period since 1880. The chief interest in the history of Thane Coast is that, with comparatively few and short breaks, some of its ports. Sopara, Kalyan, Thane or Sanjan, has from pre-historic times, taken a leading part in the foreign commerce of Western India.

CHAPTER - 3

INFRASTRUCTURAL FACILITIES

Infrastructural facilities is the main source of Industrial Development of the district. Thane district is at third rank of industrially developed in the State. More than 50% economic and social development of the district done on its Industrialisation progress. The MIDC has developed 10 Industrial Estates in the district. Internatio nal market of Mumbai and its Port, transportation facilities and subsidy and facilities provided by StateGovernment, due to all these facilities, the district is very much developed industrially. For electricity generation, the first Atomic Energy Project of the Country started at Tarapur in the Palghar taluka of the district.

3.0 Transport:

3.1 (a) Railway:

The total railway track length in the district is 345.73 Kms. Spread in Western and Central part of the district. The Western Railway passes through Vasai, Palaghar and Dahanu Tehsils of the district and Central railway passes through Thane, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar and Shahpur tehsils of the district. During 1994, there is also new Railway connection made from Diva Junction to Vasai. This Railway connection is joining Central Railway ansd Westernn Railway and its length is 41.96 Kms. Continuous local train facilities available in the district.

Due to Railway facilities in the district it becomes very easier to get Skilled Workers from nearby area, and to supply finished goods in Mumbai market.

3.2 (b) Roads:

The district is well connected by roads with other major cities like Mumbai, Pune, Nasik, Raigad and most of the districts of the State. At the end of March 1999, total 5837 Kms. length road comes under the control of Public Works department and Jilha Parishad. Besides this, 2225 Kms. length roads are under Nagar Palika and Mahanagar Palika. Out of total length road in the district, 3 Kms. road made from Cement Concrete, 2994 Kms. length roads made from Metal, 2658 Kms. length road, made from Bituminised; 182 Kms. length road made from other material used.

In Thane district out of total road length as on 31.3.99 was 5837 Kms., out of which the Nation Highway road length is 226 kms and the State Highway road length. Is 1195 kms

The break-up of the road length according to different categories is as follows:-

TABLE - 2
TOTAL ROAD LENGTH: CATEGORY-WISE AS ON 31/3/1999

S.No.

Category

Length (Km)

1

National Highway

0226

2

State Highway

1195

3

District Highway

1850

4

Village Highway

2566

 

Total

5837

TABLE – 3
ROAD: SURFACE CLASSIFICATION-WISE

S.No

Surface Classification

Length (Kms)

1

Cement Concrete

3

2

Metal Road (Black Top)

2994

3

Pakka Road

2658

4

Other Road

182

 

Total

5837

Out of total 1697 villages in the district, 1498 Villages are connected with 12 months road facilities and 105 villages are connected with 8 months road facilities during 1998-99. Thus the Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation is servicing almost in all villages of the district.

As on 31/3/99, the numbers of total registered vehicles in the district were 5,31,051.These registered vehicles are increased by 12.06% during this period with compared to last year. In the total registered vehicles, 51.85% are Motor Cycles and Scooters, 17.18% are Motors and Jeeps, 13.03% are Auto Riksha and 0.61% are Taxies, Private and Public Goods Carriers are 15.40% and remaining 1.93% are others.

Air Transport facilities have not been developed in the district so far. But close proximity to Mumbai has made the domestic airport at Santacruz and International Airport at Sahar easily accessible to Thane district.

3.3 (c) Water Transport:

Water transport facility is available to the district through navigable creeks such as Bhayander – Vasai Creek, Dativare Creek etc. Through navigable rivers such as Vaiterna and Ulhas, passengers and marine products such as salt, fish and sand etc. are transported in mechanised and non-mechanised boats.

3.4 (d) Communication Facilities:

Communication facilities like telephones, telex, post offices, fax, E-mail, Web site, E-commerce are pre-requisite for the development of industry in any area. Government has well-developed these communication facilities in the district.

At the end of March 1999, there were 5,64,221 telephone connections in the district. There are 405 post offices and 64 telegram houses in the district. Mostly telephone facilities are available in all cities of the district.

3.5 (e) Power/Electricity:

Electricity is very important for the growth of industry. At the end of March 1999, in all 23 Urban areas and 1679 Villages electrification have been done in the district. Total 1555126 electrical connections were in the district in the same period.

During 1998-99, the total electrical consumption was 15458312 thousands KWH in the district. Out of which 6.85% electricity used in Domestic purpose, 1.67% used in Business purpose, 0.25% used for street light, 0.13% used in Agricultural purpose and 3.67% used in other purpose.

At the Tarapur, there is 197 MWH Electricity Generation Station is established. Out of total electricity generated from this project, 160 MWH electricity consumed by Maharashtra Government and remaining electricity supplied to other States.

3.6 (f) Irrigation:

The Government invested large amount on development of irrigation facilities so that more and more land is brought under irrigation. Well is the main source of irrigation in the district. During 1997-98, 9615 Hectares area was irrigated through well, which was 86.53% of total irrigated area of the district.

During 1997-98, out of total 380698 Hectares cultivated area, only 2.92% means 11111 (Eleven thousand one hundred eleven only) Hectares area was under irrigation. There are two major irrigation projects on Surya and Bhatsa rivers. Total 37696 Hectares area will be covered under irrigation through these two projects. There is Bandri medium Project in Palghar taluka and 2044 Hectares area covered under irrigation through this project.

TABLE - 4
MAJOR AND MEDIUM IRRIGATION PROJECTS

Sl.No

Project

Name of Block Covered

Expenditure Involved (in Rs. Lakhs)

Irrigated Area (in Hectares)

A)

Major Projects:

 

 

 

 

1) Bhatsa

Shahpur

23144.39

23000

 

2) Surya

Jawhar

13700.00

14696

B)

Medium Projects:

 

 

 

 

1) Bandri

Palghar

1430.67

2044

CHAPTER - 4

RESOURCES

4.1 Agriculture:

The agriculture is other main activity of the district. The cultivable area of the district was only 47.24% of total geographical area which was 4.41 lakh hectares during 1998-99. The cultivated area during this year was 3.81 lakh hectares.

The main crops of the district are Rice, Ragi (Nachani), Vari and pulses etc. The R ice is cultivated mainly inVasai, Palaghar, Dahanu, Wada, Bhiwandi, Shahapur, Murbad tehsils. Ragi (Nachani) and Vari mainly cultivated in Jawhar, Mokhada, Shahapur tehsils.

4.2 Land Utilisation:

Out of total 933500 hectares total geographical area of the district, 47.24% i.e. 4.41 lakh hectares area was cultivable during 1997-98. The actual cultivated area during this year was 3.81 lakh hectares. 0.06 Lakh hectares area was used for double crops, out of total cultivated area during the same year.

The land utilisation position in the district is given in Table No. 5.

TABLE – 5
UTILISATION OF LAND IN THANE DISTRICT
(IN ‘000’ HECTARES)

Sl.No.

Particulars

1995-96

1997-98

1998-99

 

 

Thane
(Hectares)

Thane
(Hectares)

Maharashtra

1

Total Geographical area

934

934

30758

2

Forest area

330

346

5370

3

Non-agricultural Land

88

58

1212

4

Barren uncultivated Land

39

55

1702

5

Land useful for cultivation but not cultivated

19

 13

 888

6

Permanent Pasture growing Land

46

 40

 1348

7

Land under misc. tree crops

24

23

222

8

Current fallow land

3

15

1134

9

Other fallow land

4

16

1138

10

Net area sown

380

374

17744

11

Area sown more than once

14

6

4339

12

Gross cropped area

394

380

22083

From the above table, it has seen that Thane district got 3% geographical area of total Maharashtra State and only 1.72% Gross Cropped area of the total Maharashtra’s Gross Cropped area. The area more than once sown is declined from 14000 to 6000 hectares in 1997-98. The Gross Cropped area of the district is also declined from 394000 hectares to 380000 hectares during 1997-98.

4.3 Cropping Pattern:

Paddy is the main crop of the district. During 1997-98, out of total 190543 hectares cultivated area, Paddy cultivated in 149140 hectares means 74.27% areas. Vasai, Palaghar, Dahanu, Wada, Bhivandi, Shahapur, Murbad are the main tehsils where 77.03% paddy was cultivated and remaining six talukas were cultivated only 22.97% paddy. Ragi (Nachani) and Vari Crops cultivated in 19840 and 11834 Hectares area respectively during the year 1997-98. These crops are mostly cultivated in Jawhar, Mokhada, Shahapur talukas of the district.

During 1998-99, the total paddy production of the district was 272800 tonnes. This production was decreased by 22.48% with compared to the production of previous year (i.e.) 1997-98. During 1998-99, the total production of Ragi (Nachani) in the district was 13800 tonnes.

Annual production of major crops during the year 1998-99 and yield per hectare in Thane district is given in Table No.6.

TABLE – 6
PRODUCTION OF MAJOR CROPS AND
PRODUCTIVITY IN THANE DISTRICT (98-99)

Sl.No.

Name of crop

Per Hect.
Prod. (Kg)

Total Prod.
('00' Ton)

1

Rice

1920

2728

2

Nachani

809

138

3

Other Crops

621

82

4

Total Crops

1711

2949

5

Gram

606

23

6

Tur

465

14

7

Udid

792

39

8

Other Pulses

392

31

9

Total Pulses

543

107

10

Groundnut

1333

4

11

Mohari (Rai)

250

1

12

Til

29

5

13

Coconut

19223

423

14

Sunth (Ale)

3000

24

15

Chilly

614

2

16

Haladi

756

20

Source: Directorate of Agriculture, Thane.

Note: Coconut Production per hect. is given in Nos. and total production is in lakh Nos.

4.4 Horticulture:

During the year 1997-98, the area brought under horticulture crops was 4862 hectares. The main horticulture crops of the district are Mango, Cashew, Chicky, Banana and Coconut. Chicku is cultivated under 2826 hectares, Mango is cultivated under 1219 hectares and remaining horticultural crops cultivated under 157 hectares area.

Plantation of horticulture crops is fully subsidised under Employment Guarantee Scheme (EGS) since 1990. The scheme is implemented through Department of Horticulture, Training and Visit (Agriculture) and Soil Conservation Department. Besides, undertaking plantation of new gardens, the Horticulture Department also arranges 5 day training courses for the farmers at Dapehari and paying Rs.20/- stipend per day during training period. Other Central Government sponsored schemes are being implemented by the department. Horticulture Department also arrange

4.5 Forest:

The total area under forest in the district is 3463 Sq. Kms which is 37.10% of total geographical area. Out of this total forest area, 80.51% area is spread in Shahapur, Palaghar, Jawhar, Wada, Murbad, Dahanu and Vasai talukas and in remaining talukas it is spfread only 19.49%.

During 1997-98 and 1998-99 the total revenue received from forest were Rs. 42338/- and Rs. 51,491/- respectively. During 1998-99, the forest revenue is increased by 21.62% than 1997-98. The detail about the forest products and its value in the year 1998-99 is given in Table No. 7.

TABLE - 7
FOREST PRODUCTS AND ITS REVENUE EARNED

S.No

Name of the forest product

Total Production
(in ‘000’ Cubic Meters)

Total Value of Sale
(in ‘000’ Rs.)

1

Timber Wood

6.11

33459

2

Fire Wood

22.15

10054

3

Others

-

7978

 

Total

-

51491

Sources: Forest Department, Thane.

Wood based industries like Bullock Carts, Wooden Boxes, Wooden Furniture, Wooden frames have great potential in the district.

4.6 Live Stock Resources:

According to 1992 Live Stock Census, there are 1010135 animals in the district. Out of total animals, 53.11% are Cows & Bullocks, 17.76% are Buffaloes,20.27% are Goat and 0.7% are Sheep, 0.05% are horses and 8.75% are other animals. There are 1725100 Hens in the district. During 1998-99, there were 16 Slaughter houses in the district and total 11708 animals had been slaughtered. There are only 175 leather unitsin Thane district including BMR and non-BMR area. So from the hides and skin of the animals, there are more leather units can come up in the district.

4.7 Dairy Development Corporation:

The Dairy Development is emerging as an important activity in the district due to its proximity to Mumbai which is very big market. It is supplementary activity to small farmers and providing employment and income to the rural people.

During 1999-2000, total 14911 thousands litres milk was collected in the district. On an average 41,000 litres milk is collected every day. There are three Government Cold Storages at Pali (Wada), Saralgaon (Murbad) and Dapachari (Dahanu) in the district.

The total production of milk in terms of quantity and value for the last three years is given below:-

S.No.

Year

Quantity
(in ‘000’ Ltrs.)

Value
(in Rupees)

1)

1997-98

16097

177067

2)

1998-99

14593

160523

3)

1999-2000

14911

186388

Source: District Dairy Development Office, Thane.

The milk production has shown declining trend during the above period. However, Dairy BASED Industries (i.e.) Cheese, Butter, Ice Cream, Ice Candy, Kulfi, Pedha, Milk based sweets etc. can be set up in the district.

4.8 Fisheries:

The fish catching activity is an important activity in the district. The marine fishing is practised all over thecoastal line which is 112 Kms. in the district. In the 1998-99,the total production of fisheries was 92883M. Tonnes and the value of this production was Rs. 20872.67 lakhs. Out of this, the Seafishproduct was 89782 M. Tonnes and its value was Rs. 20097.76 lakhs. During 1998-99, the Inland Fish area was 8600 Hectares. The fish production of Inland area was 3100 M. Tonnesand the revenue earned was Rs. 775/- lakhs. The fisheries based industries like Fish Oil, Tablets, Medicine can be set up in the district.

4.9 Minerals:

There is no major mineral or mining in the district. However, the mining activities in the district are contfined to quarrying of stones and sand which is carried on especially at places which are near urban areas in Kalyan, Bhiwandi and Thane Tehsils. Deposits of reddish laterite clay are also found near Gokhivara inVasai Tehsil. The clay is used for making bricks, tiles and cheap red glazed waves. During 1998-99, the revenue received from mining products like stones,sand etc. was Rs. 850 lakhs which was only Rs. 469 lakhs in the year 1996-97.

4.10 Man Power:

As per the 1991 Census, the total population of Thane district was 52.49 lakhs. The male and female population is 27.93 lakhs and 24.56 laks respectively. Rural and urban population comprises of 18.56 lakhs and 33.93 lakhs respectively. Density of population is 549 persons per Sq. Kms. area. The literacy rate for the district is 69.54% which is higher than State literacy rate of 64.9%.

As per 1990 Economic Census, the total working force of the district is 8.06 lakhs. Out of which 7.87 lakhs are engaged in non-agricultural activities. Only 19,258 persons are working in agriculture. This shows that in Thane district, Industries is the main activities and Agriculture is the secondary activity.

CHAPTER - 5

EXISTING INDUSTRIAL STRUCTURES AND FACILITIES

Thane district is industrially advanced district of the State at Maharashtra. Thane, Kalyan, Ulhasnagar,Bhiwandi, Vasai are the industrially developed tehsilsand mostly urbanised. On the contrary, Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Dahanu, Wada and Palyhar are Tribal Talukas/Blocks having maximum tribal population. Out of these, Talasari, Jawhar, Mokhada, Wada, Dahanu are industrially backward areas. The all sort of infrastructure facilities such as Railway, Highway, Tele-Communication, Electricity, Industrial Estates are available in the district, which are supporting to develop industries.

The district is largely industrialised having 10 MIDC areas, 2 Co-operative Industrial Estates and Industrial Growth Centres in Jawhar and Wada blocks. Major large scale units are situated at Thane, Kalwa, Belapur, Dombivli, Kalyan, Shahad and Ambernath. The Department of Industires provide incentives for industries in backward areas of Wada, Jawhar, Mokhada, Talasari etc. The major industries in the district are Chemical, Automobiles, Pharmaceutical, Artificial fibre, Plastic and Plastic goods, Fertilizers, Insecticides, Paints, Edible items etc. As the district is very near to Mumbai, the indigenous and International market facility is also available for products.

5.1 (A) Industrial Estates/Areas:

Thane district is industrially developed district and it is at first rank in Maharashtra State. As it is very near to International market city like Mumbai, all infrastructural facilities like Water, Electricity, State & National Highway, Railways are available in the district.

For the development of SSI, Medium and Large Scale Industries, MIDC has built up 11 Industrial Estates in the district. The details are given in Table No. 8.

TABLE - 8
DETAILS OF M.I.D.C. INDSTRIAL AREA – THANE DISTRICT

Name of the Industrial Estate
(In Hect.)

Area Developed

No.of plots SSI

Existing Industries

Medium and Large industries

MMR

Wagle Industrial Estate, Thane.

264.80

647

529

25

Dombivali

355.63

733

650

25

Ambernath

229.45

249

174

2

Addl. Ambernath

422.83

132

106

-

Kalyan MIDC Area
(Kalyan-Bhiwandi Road)

48.16

30

12

9

TTC MIDC Area (Belapur Road)

2388.31

1021

612

45

MIDC Area (Badlapur)

101.41

334

195

-

MIDC Area Mira

7.82

43

34

-

NON-MMR

 

 

 

 

Tarapur MIDC Area

656.85

790

747

109

MIDC Murbad

126.08

209

111

17

Addl. Murbad

141.06

138

112

-

There are also 2 Co-operative Industrial Estates in the district. The major industries in the district are Chemicals, Automobiles, Pharmaceuticals, Artificialfibre and Plastic goods, Fertilizers, Insecticides, Paints, Edible items etc.

There are also 2 Growth Centres at Jawhar and Wada Blocks.

5.1 (B) Export Promotion Industrial Park at Ambernath in Thane District:

Under EPIP Scheme of Government of India, MIDC has developed a High Quality Industrial Estate at Ambernath, 4 Kms away from Ambernath Railway Station. The total area of the park is 507 Hectares. With a Common Effluent Treatment Plant, Central Footwear Training Centre Complex and a Community Shopping Complex coming up alongwith a residential zone, Ambernath is poised to be a fully developed modern Industrial Estate for exporting units.

5.1 (C) Electronic Zone:

MIDC has established Special Electronic Zones at T.T.C. Industrial area to encourage electronic units in the district.

5.1 (D) Chemical Zone:

MIDC has developed Chemical Zones at T.T.C. Industrial Area, Kalyan-Bhiwandi, Dombivali, Badlapur and Tarapur to arrange for collection of treated effluent from the industrial units and its disposal at a suitable point stipulated by Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB).

5.1 (E) International Infotech Park at Navi Mumbai:

International infotech Park at Navi umbai has been designed with an infrastructure for the needs of technology-driven Companies in Electronics, information Technology, Telecommunications and related industries. This park provides 80 hectares of ultra-modern, State of the art technological surroundings with 6,00,000 Sq.ft. of built up area in a beautifully designed building which has acquired ISO 9002 Certification for its quality standards.

5.2 Large and Medium Scale Industries:

There are 1548 large and medium scale industries in the district. The total amount invested in plant and machinery in these industries is Rs. 16511.11 Crores. It provides employment to 214430 persons. The main products of these industries are Drugs, Textiles, Adhesives, Plastics, Rubber, Steel, Pharmaceuticals, Engineering, Fertilizers, Electronics, Chemicals, Iron & Steel etc.

The brief description of major large and medium scale industries is given below:-

  1. Electricity Generation:
  2. Availability of electricity has been one of the main causes for the rapid industrial development of the district. The district gets bulk supply of electricity from the Koyana Hydro-Electric Project and from M/s Tata Hydro Electric Company in Raigad district. The Maharashtra State Electricity Board is the largest Power Distribution Agency in the district. The Tarapur Atomic Power Station which has ushered an era of utilisation of atomic energy for electricity generation is also situated in the district.

    Due to this Electricity Generation Station, district is getting electricity easily for development of industries.

  3. Manufacture of Machinery & Machine Tools:
  4. Manufacture of machinery, machine tools and parts except electrical machinery taken together with the iron and steel basic industry and metal products are the most important and the biggest group of industries in the district and includes manufacture of Prime movers, Boilers, Refrigerators, Machine Tools, Computing and Accounting machinery, Industrial machinery for food and textile industries, machinery for chemicals,paper, cement etc. It provides machine tools and machinery to other industries in the country. The raw materials required by these factories includes Pig iron, Coal, Coke, Steel plates, Sheet metal, Ferrous materials, Stainless steel wire rods, Cast iron, M.S. Steel, Bars and Wires, Brass, Tin plates, High speed steel, Combined Steel, Alloy Steel etc. Most of these items are available at Mumbai. Calcutta and Rourkela, Stainless steel is imported from Japan and U.S.A., England and West Germany and U.K. The Ceramic Condensers and electronic valves were imported from Japan and Germany respectively. The products included wire nails, bright bars, expandable polystyrene beads, buses, bicycles, boilers were exporting to U.S.A., Dubai, Asia, Bangladesh, Tanzania, Nigeria, Iran, Egypt, Srilanka, Saudi Arabia, Australia, Muscat, Kenya etc

  5. Chemicals and Chemical Products:
  6. Basic industrial chemicals including fertilizers, vegetable and animal oils and fats, manufacture of paints, varnishes and lacquers and manufacture of miscellaneous chemical products which can be classified as chemicals and chemical products is an important industry in Thane district. These industries are mainly concentrated in the Trans-Thane Creek and Belapur Road industrial area. The medium and large industries manufacturing chemicals and chemical products are Pfizer, Lubrizol India Ltd., Polyolefins Industries Ltd., NOCIL, Herdillia Chemicals Ltd., BASF (India Ltd., Star Chemicals, Indofil Chemicals Ltd., and Phoenix Chemical Works etc. The chemical industries are also found in other parts of the district viz., Wagle Industrial area, Pokhran Road, Ambernath and Dombivali. The raw material required for these chemical industries are bauxite, rock phosphate, soda ash, caustic soda, hydroxide, quartz, ethyl hexanal, methyl alcohols, different types of solvents and acids etc. are brought from Mumbai, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Gujarat, Assam, Kerala, Bengal etc. Some raw materials are imported from West Germany and Japan. Some finished products such as fine chemnicals, zinc oxide, phospheric acid, industrial soaps, chemical used in textile industry are exported to Bangkok, Thailand, Japan, Germany, U.K., U.S.A., Poland, Belgium, Italy, Iran, Dubai etc.

  7. Fisheries:
  8. Fisheries constitute an important extractive industry in Thane district. It is an important economic activity and a source of livelihood to a large number of people in the district. It is carried out in sea as well as in creeks and estuaries which have formed the western border of the district. Marine fishery predominates over inland fishery in the district and provides employment to about three fourth of the persons engaged in the fishing industry. Fishing in sea is carried out along the coastal stretching over about 110 kilometeters. The important fishing centres in the district are Dahanu, Pokharan-Uchheli, Nawapur, Murabe, Satputi, Datiware, Arnala, Vasai and Urran. The commercially important varities of fish available in large quantities are Saranga (White Pomfret), Halwa (Black Pomfret) Durha, Dadha, Rawas, Ghol, Koth, Bombil (Bombay Duck), Kolambi, Kolim (Karaandi), Wam etc. in the district.

  9. Power loom Industry:
  10. There are cotton as well as non-cotton power looms industries in the district. They are mainly situated at Bhiwandi, Thane and Kalyan. For centuries, Bhiwandi has been known for its handicrafts. The deteriorating conditions of the handloom industry and the rapid industrialisation in the country compelled handloom weavers to replace their handlooms by powerlooms. Proximity to Mumbai,the main all India market for raw material yarn, accessories, stores as also for cloth, offered special advantages to the powerlooms in Bhiwandi.

    The raw material required by these industries are cotton yarn, art silk, Indian wool, rayon yarn, nylon, polyster yarn, viscos yarn, synthetic yarn, dye chemicals, bleaching chemicals, caustic soda, soda ash, starches etc. Most of raw materials are available in our country at different places such as Mumbai, Bhiwandi, Rajasthan, Mysore, Assam, Madras, Mudura, Nagpur and Punjab etc. Machinery spare parts for making readymade garments of embellishment and trimmings are generally imported from West Germany, U.S.A. and Japan.

    These industries also export their products to different countries. Nylon synthetic is exported to Middle East, Readymade garments to U.S.A., U.K., West Germany, Switzerland and Austria, embroidered fabrics to Middle East and South-East Asia, Fabrics, Garments and Yarn to Singapore. Aden, West Indies, U.K., U.S.S.R., Srilanka and Cotton and Art Silk Waste Blankets to Nepal.

  11. Food Industries:
  12. There are grain mill products. Bakery products, Cocoa, Chocolate and Sugar Confectionery, Salt, ice, slaughtering, preparation and preservation of meat, dairy products, canning and preservation of fruits and vegetables, canning, preserving and processing of fish etc. are developed in the district. Raptakos, Brett and Co., Pfizer Ltd., Cadbury Fry (India Ltd. which produce modified milk food and high protein food are some of the large and medium companies in the district.

  13. Wood and Wooden Products:

  14. There are plywood and veneer, wooden boxes, barrels, bamboo, can baskets, bobbins, industrial fixtures, cork & cork products are manufactured in Thane district. The raw materials required for these units are indigenously available. Wood and splints are brought from Mysore and Kerala, cardboard from Gujarat and other raw materials from Mumbai. The availability of timber from the neighboring areas was one of the most important reasons for the localization of the industry in the district.

    The important machines required for the production consist of unit processing machines like saws, peeling machines, box making machines, box closing machines, stick making machines, box filling and labelling machines, friction and packing machines and other equipment like dryer, polishing drums, sieves etc. Bulk of the original machines were imported but the latest additions are indigenously fabricated by the various firms.

    The bulk of the production is mainly for home consumption in of Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Parts of Madhya Pradesh and Mysore. However, matches are exported to the Middle East Countries.

5.3 Small Scale Industries:

Thane district is divided in 2 regions, MMR and Non-MMR. Under BMR region, there are total 18,480 units registered as on 30/6/2000 under SSI in BMR region. Out of these 18,480 units, 10,870 units are permanent and 7610 units are provisional. Total employment in BMR units are 48,8737 persons and investment in plant and machinery in these units is Rs. 4,73,793/-. There are also 114 units registered as on 30/6/2000 in non-BMR region. Total employment in these units are 1707 persons and the investment in plant and machinery is Rs. 3675/-. The major investment is in the Textile, Plastic, Chemical based, Metal based Engineering Industry in the district. The highest investment is in Textile industries Rs. 55,268 and it provides employment to 36,381 persons.

The industry wise classification of registered units in MMR and Non-MMR region is given in Table – 9.

TABLE – 9

Sl No.

Category of Industry

Unit Registered

Employment

Investment
(Rs. In Lakhs)

 

 

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

Prov.

Pmt.

1

Agro based

82

60

1081

678

1023.00

414.23

6200

2

Forest based

107

27

958`

555

736

625.00

3250

3

Mineral based

36

40

323

593

1000.30

530.25

13645

4

Food & beverage

169

48

2161

434

1239.74

1624.53

115532

5

Textile

655

2623

5347

31034

12520.10

42748.90

1262630

6

Leather

109

65

2136

1989

384.00

396.09

12840

7

Rubber

288

122

5395

2397

1945.00

9960.04

92262

8

Plastics

1286

940

9784

10211

26519.24

14225.78

1432188

9

Chemical based

2260

874

15463

83311

16897.23

28398.05

161491

10

Metal based

1472

1599

4078

4315

21283..01

23405.86

155042

11

Electric

578

233

2797

3610

3888.60

3470.07

274405

12

Electronic

351

224

5967

4539

1681.00

1653.00

9808

13

Non-Metal

276

230

3303

2278

2282.00

2045.00

9063

14

Others

3201

525

41131

242869

222790.38

301106.57

4067436

 

Total

10870

7610

99924

388813

314189.60

159603

7615792



Category of Industry

Regn. As At June ‘00

Employment

Investment in P&M
(Rs Lac)

Prod

 

PMT

PRO

PMT

PRO

PMT

PRO

PMT

Agro based

2

2

10

11

5.26

2.70

2150

Forest based

0

1

0

10

0.00

1.50

0

Mineral based

2

2

20

15

42.00

13.50

2600

Food & Beverage

1

3

22

45

39.93

115.45

0

Textile

7

1

83

9

440.59

12.00

108257

Leather

2

1

65

7

290.94

1.25

60180

Rubber

1

0

10

0

31.34

0.00

502

Plastic

9

6

93

100

346.52

157.91

128464

Chemical based

3

7

36

53

47.98

91.00

1470

Metal based Engg. Industry

8

11

201

208

238.95

303.15

482151

Electric

4

4

90

38

32.72

64.55

296174

Electronic

1

1

5

11

6.00

9.00

0

Non Metal

0

0

0

0

0.00

0.00

0

Other

14

21

241

326

956.03

425.22

169917

Total

54

60

876

833

2478.26

1197.23

1251865

5.4 Khadi & Village Industries:

Khadi & Village Industries play an important role in providing employment opportunities and improving the Standard ofliving of a Small Section of people in the district. Besides providing, employment opportunities in rural areas with small investment, especially to the weaker sections of the society, they create consumer goods by adopting simple techniques and using raw materials which are locally available.

In Thane district, the Khadi & Village Industries Board has organised various industries such as processing of cereals and pulses, ghani oil, village leather, pottery, carpentry and blacksmith, cane and bamboo, soap making, gobar (methane) gas and lime manufacturing etc.

5.5 Education and Training Facilities:

According to 1991 Census, the literacy rate in the district is 69.54%. In rural area, the literacy rate is 50.19% and in urban area, it is 79.85%. The male and female literacy rate in the district is 77.56% and 60.28% respectively. The district is at 6th rank in literacy in the State. There are 162 degree colleges for Arts, Science and Commerce with 212000 students. There are 4067 Primary School with about 904000 students; and 625 Secondary Schools with 14,441 students. There are 24 Industrial Training Institutes were skilled and semi-skilled artisans are trained in different Trades like Fitter, Welder, Electricians, Carpentry, Turner, Diesel Engines, Mechanic watch repairing, Draughts man etc. MCED, DIC and SISI, Mumbai are conducting EDPs in Thane district. Since 1996, MCED has conducted 14 EDPs in the district and 400 candidates have been trained under these EDPs. These programmes have been conducted on general EDPs and for particular product also. SISI, Mumbai has also conducted one EDP on "Food Processing Industries" in the month of August 2000 and merely 40 participants have been trained in the programme.

In the Information Technology field also MCED is conducting programme on Hardware/Web Page Designing under EDPs.

5.6 Financial Institutions:

Finance is the main factor of production amongst the Land, Plant & Machinery, Working Capital etc. This finance is being provided by various Nationalised Banks and Financial Institutions in Thane district. Bank of Maharashtra is the Lead Bank of the district. It is observed that the performance of all nationalised banks and financial institutions like MSFC etc. is satisfactory. The bank branch of commercial, regional, rural and co-operative banks during 1999-2000 is given Table No. 10.

TABLE - 10
Bank Branch Net-Work of Commercial, Regional, Rural &
Co-operative Banks during 1999-2000

Sl. No.

Name of the Bank

Branches (in nos.)

1

Bank of Maharashtra

60

2

State Bank of India

35

3

Dena Bank

31

4

Canara bank

25

5

Bank of India

23

6

Union Bank of India

19

7

Bank of Baroda

17

8

Syndicate Bank

17

9

Central Bank of India

16

10

Punjab National Bank

14

11

UCO Bank

06

12

Indian Overseas Bank

06

13

Indian Bank

08

14

Allahabad Bank

03

15

United Bank of India

01

16

Vijaya Bank

12

17

O.B.C.

09

18

Corporation Bank

12

19

Andhra Bank

03

20

P & S Bank

01

21

S.B.M.

02

22

S.B.S.

03

23

S.B. Indore

02

24.

S.B. Travan

01

25

S.B. Hyderabad

02

26

South I.B.

02

27

U.W.B.

13

28

Sangli

04

29

T.G.B.

25

30

T.D.C.C.

68

31

Mascard

13

 

Total

456

TABLE – 11
SECTOR-WISE TARGET AND ACHIEVEMENT AS PER
ANNUAL CREDIT PLAN (IN ‘000’ RS)

 

 

1998-99

 

Sector

Target

Achievement

%

Agricultural

292900

261000

89.1

SSI

829400

591700

71.34

Other Priority

250790

125744

 

Industries

250790

125744

 

TABLE – 12
DETAILS OF LOANS AND ADVANCES TO SSI BY LEAD BANK – BANK OF MAHARASHTRA

Year

No. of SSI Units sanctioned Loan

Amt. Of Loan sanctioned (‘000’ Rs.)

Amount outstanding (Lakhs Rs.)

1997-98

1248

214179

1464

1998-99

1652

591674

1485

1999-2000

757

680916

1591

TABLE – 13
DETAILS OF LOANS & ADVANCES TO SSI BY M.S.F.C.

Year

No. of Units sanctioned

Amt. Of Loan sanctioned (Lakhs Rs.)

Amount Of Loan disbursed (Lakhs Rs.)

1997-98

62

2735

3365

1998-99

22

1142

1117

1999-2000

16

939

809

CHAPTER – 6

NEW INDUSTRIAL POSSIBILITIES

Taking into consideration the availability of resources, infrastructural facilities, manpower and demand for various products both within as well as outside districts, the following candidate industries are suggested. These candidate industries can be divided into four categories:-

  1. Resource based Industries
  2. Demand based Industries
  3. Service Industries
  4. Ancillary Industries

  1. Resource based Industries:

These industries can be divided into following groups:

    1. Agro-based
    2. Forest-based
    3. Minerals-based

  1. Agro based Industries:
  1. Rice Mill
  2. Poha Mill
  3. Nachani Mill
  4. Rice Powder
  5. Nachani Powder
  6. Vari Processing
  7. Pulses Processing
  8. Soft Drink Concentrate
  9. Potato/Banana Waffers
  10. Tamrind Powder
  11. Mechanical dehydration plant for fish, vegetables, fruit & nuts.
  12. Protein-isolate from ground nut and soybeans
  13. Wending food items
  14. Oils from Spices
  15. Cold storage
  16. Fish processing
  17. Ice manufacturing
  18. Fish feed/Shrimo feed by extrusion
  19. Fishmenure
  20. Salt Iodisation

  1. Forest based Industries:
  1. Paper gasket from bamboo pulp
  2. Non Edible fatty oils from various seeds
  3. Saw Mills
  4. Fuel brique from Sawdust
  5. Wooden toys and sport goods
  6. Packing cases
  7. Collection of ayurvedic medicinal plants
  8. Straw board
  9. Wooden doors, windows and furniture
  10. Handmade Paper
  11. Katha (Coir) manufacturing
  12. Honey Collection, Purification and bottling

  1. Minerals based:
  1. Brick manufacturing
  2. Stone quarrying and dressing
  3. Sewrage pipes
  4. Mangalore tiles

  1. Demand based Industries:
  1. Computer Hardware
  2. Textile Auxiliaries
  3. Power looms
  4. Hosiery Knitting
  5. Processing of meat
  6. Hatcheries
  7. Bicycle Spare parts
  8. Television Spare parts
  9. Data processing
  10. Steel furniture
  11. Readymade garments
  12. Information Technology

  1. Service Industries:

  1. Beauty Parlor
  2. Laundry
  3. Computer Training Centre
  4. Zeroxing Centre
  5. Library/Book Stall
  6. Photography
  7. Consultant Services in any field
  8. Salesmanship
  9. Electrical/Electronics Instrument Service Centre
  10. S.T.D./P.C.O. Centre
  11. Painting
  12. Computer Repairing & Service Centre

  1. Ancillary Industries:
  1. Components for injection moulding and blow moulding machine
  2. Spare parts of Bicycles such as Pedal, Saddle, Pump, Handle Brakes, Electroplating etc.
  3. Steel metal fabrication
  4. Precision turned parts
  5. Cost Iron Pulleys
  6. PVC Tubes
  7. Spares for voltage equipment
  8. Precision pressed components
  9. Apoxy moulding
  10. Bakelite moulding
  11. Spray painting
  12. Die Casted Parts
  13. Sheet metal press parts
  14. Piston
  15. Tube fuel injection pump
  16. Nozzle assembling
  17. Air & exhaustvalve
  18. Piston rings
  19. Accessory of plug
  20. Printing Circuit Panel
  21. Dial lamp
  22. Resistors
  23. Transformers
  24. Capacitors
  25. Rectifiers
  26. Volume Control
  27. Earphone Socket
  28. Rubber gasket
  29. Drugs Intermediates
  30. Rubber molded components
  31. Magnesium Sulphate
  32. Sodium Bisulphate
  33. Sodium Acetate
  34. Ensyle Peroxide

List of Officers sited during the Survey

  1. DIC, Thane.
  2. MIDC, Thane.
  3. M.S.F.C., Thane.
  4. Bank of Maharashtra, Lead Bank, Thane.
  5. Maharashtra Centre for Entrepreneurship Development, Thane.
  6. District Statistical Office
  7. Regional Transport Office
  8. District Dairy Development Board
  9. Thane Small Scale Industries Association

List of References

Sl.No

Name of Office

Publication

1.

District Statistical Office, Thane. Statistical Abstract of Thane District.

 

2.

District Industries Centre, Thane.

Action Plan (1996-2000)

3.

Bank of Maharashtra (Lead Bank)

Annual Credit Plan(2000-2001)

4.

Directorate of Economic & Economic Survey of Statistics, Planning Department, Maharashtra, Mumbai.

1999-2000.