Govt of India
Minstry of SSI & ARI
Industrial Potentiality Survey report Raisen District
Small Industries Service Institute
10, Pologround, Indore-452015
Phon: 421048/540/659 Fax: 0731-420723
Government India Ministry of SSI & ARI INDUSTRIAL POTENTIALITY SURVEY OF RAISEN DISTRICT SURVEY & REPORT WRITING Mr. Shyamlal Small Industry Promotion Officer (E.I.) Mr. L. Kuttiraja Small Industry Promotion Officer (E.I.) YEAR 2000-2001 SMALL INDUSTRIES SERVICE INSTITUTE 10-INDUSTRIAL ESTATE, POLOGROUND, INDORE-452015 (M. P.)
Ministry of SSI & ARI
INDUSTRIAL POTENTIALITY SURVEY
SURVEY & REPORT WRITING
Small Industry Promotion Officer (E.I.)
Mr. L. Kuttiraja
Small Industry Promotion Officer (E.I.)
SMALL INDUSTRIES SERVICE INSTITUTE
10-INDUSTRIAL ESTATE, POLOGROUND,
INDORE-452015 (M. P.)
In the changed world scenario, on seeing the demands of the society, the Government liberalized the economic system, which leads to fast industrialisation not only in urban areas but also in rural areas. Different statistical data are to be presented in analytical form to understand the industrial potentiality, which will lead to fast industrial growth. The entrepreneurship quality can be improved through Training. The local people can be motivated towards industrialisation through industrial seminars, symposium, exhibition and workshops. The Industrial Potentiality Survey has its own importance in providing information to new entrepreneurs to find out the possibilities of industrialisation, which helps the Government and non-Government organisations to make their plant for fast industrial development. I appreciate Mr. V.K. Mathur, Asstt Director (PI), Mr. Shyam Lal, Small Industries Promotion Officer (EI) and Mr. L.Kuttiraja, Small Industries Promotion Officer (EI) for collection, compilation and processing the data/information collected from the width and length of the district and bringing out this survey report. I am sure, this report will prove a useful document for all concerns. On behalf of the Institute I express my thanks to the officers/officials posted in Government and Non-government offices situated in Raisen district for their cooperation towards conducting the survey. Sd/- (G.P. PATHODIA) Director Small Industries Service Institute: Indore
In the changed world scenario, on seeing the demands of the society, the Government liberalized the economic system, which leads to fast industrialisation not only in urban areas but also in rural areas. Different statistical data are to be presented in analytical form to understand the industrial potentiality, which will lead to fast industrial growth. The entrepreneurship quality can be improved through Training. The local people can be motivated towards industrialisation through industrial seminars, symposium, exhibition and workshops.
The Industrial Potentiality Survey has its own importance in providing information to new entrepreneurs to find out the possibilities of industrialisation, which helps the Government and non-Government organisations to make their plant for fast industrial development.
I appreciate Mr. V.K. Mathur, Asstt Director (PI), Mr. Shyam Lal, Small Industries Promotion Officer (EI) and Mr. L.Kuttiraja, Small Industries Promotion Officer (EI) for collection, compilation and processing the data/information collected from the width and length of the district and bringing out this survey report.
I am sure, this report will prove a useful document for all concerns. On behalf of the Institute I express my thanks to the officers/officials posted in Government and Non-government offices situated in Raisen district for their cooperation towards conducting the survey.
Small Industries Service Institute: Indore
(A) Objective: The objective of this report is to motivate the industrial activities by the way of bring out the infrastructure, raw materials and demand in the district. The great task of preparing this industrial Potentiality Survey Report of Raisen district is being taken up during the programme year 2000-01.
(B) Scope: The Institute has taken up this job on the reference received from the Ministry of SSI & ARI , Government of India New Delhi to accelerate industrial activities in the newly formed district.
(C) Methodology : The survey team visited all the Development Blocks and Tehsils of the district and has given more importance to primary data. In addition to this, the team collected vital information on marketing system and agricultural activities from Local Market and MPAPMC.
Raisen district consists of Seven Development Blocks and Seven Tehsils. Three Municipality, Sis Town Panchayats Seven Janpath Panchayats and Twenty one Revenue Inspection Zones ae working in the district. The district is consisting of 1429 villages and having 1124 KM (Pacca) all weather Road and 1481 KM (Kachha) seasonal road. Average climate is ranging from 05 degree Celsius to 42 degree Celsius in the district. Annual rainfall is about 1200 MM and light red soil, trick red and light Black soil and core sands are the main soil type available in the district. Rivers are not perennial in nature, well, ponds, canals and tube wells are main source of irrigation in the district.
Agro-Market (Anaj Upaj Mandi) is working Agro-products are marketed through these Mandis. The Government implements various programmes for the development of Fisheries in the district to accelerate the fisheries
Raisen district falls under "A" category of Industrial backward districts. All facilities/ concessions that, provided by State/ Central Government for backward districts is applicable for this district also. One Industrial Training Institute are working in the district.
Chapter – VI ( Prospects of Industrial Development )
Chapter – VII ( Plan of Action for promoting Industrial Development in the District )
DISTRICT RAISEN AT A GLANCE
OBJECTIVE,SCOPE AND METHOLODOGY OF THE SURVEY
The survey team visited interior parts of the district and taken with the public and government officials to collect first hand information. Secondary data/information collected from the Government offices working in the district head quarter Raisen and other Tehsil/ Block head quarters and District Trade and Industries Centre, Mandi deep. The district administration extended their full co- operation to the team.
Survey has been conducted by the officers of Economic analysis division of this Institute. The survey team visited all Tehsil / Blocks and important places in the district. The team collected vital information from different Government Offices working in Raisen, Industrial Units,Industrialists, Business Units, Financial Institutions and local public. Apart from these, the team studied the local market, Demand and supply system of the products, agriculture marketing system etc.
GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS OF THE DISTRICT
Raisen District is situated in the centre part of the present Madhya Pradesh State. The district is having the boundaries of Sagar and Vidisha districts in North, Bhopal district in the West, Sehore and Hoshangabad districts in the south and Sagar and Narasinghgarh districts in the east. The district is located 220 45’ North Latitude to 23 45’ North Latitude and 77 21’ East Longitude to 78 49’ East Longitude. The District is situated about 465 to 470 metre above the Mean Sea Level.
Raisen district covers seven Development Blocks and Tehsils. Three Municipalities, Six Town Panchayats, 501 village Panchayats, Seven Janpath Panchayats and One District (Jila) Panchayats are working in the district. District Administrative offices are located in district head quarter Raisen.
Bar Chart denoting the Area Tehsil wise
Area wise Goherganj Tehsil becomes the biggest one and Udaipura is the smallest. Density of population is least in Obeyadullaganj Block.
Climate condition in Raisen district is normal. During the summer season the mercury raises upto 420 C and during the winter, the climate is cold and the temperature is around 50 C. The district is getting about 1200 MM average rainfall in normal condition.
Development Blocks wise rainfall during the last three years shown below:
Table No. 11-2 Information on Rainfall (Tehsils wise)
(Rainfall in MM)
Rainwater is the main source for carrying out agricultural activities in the district. All blocks are getting average rainfall in normal condition.
Different type of soils found in different parts of the district. However, light Black soils, light Red & thick red soils with core sand are the predominant soil types available in the district.
There is no perennial river in the district. The Betwa River originates from this district. But the benefit is not available for the district. Narmada River flows in the district and irrigation facilities available in Bareli Tehsil. Bina, Halali, Neon, Basna, khand, Tadni, Bawas and Dhaman are other small rivers flows in the district. In summer Season, these rivers become dry. This is one of the main drawbacks for the fast development of the district.
All Development Blocks of the district are having a considerable area under forest. Total forest area in the district is about 1, 16, 424 hectare out of which about 105614.400 hectare forestland is in Goherganj tehsil and followed by Silvani tehsil which is about 25.5 thousand hectares. 62.26% of the forest area falls under reserved forest and 35.82% declared as protected forest area and the femaining 1.91% is scheduld forest area.
Table No. II – 3 Tehsil wise Forest Land – category wise ( Hectare )
Table No. II – 4 Forest Production for the last three years
Economy of the district is totally depending on agriculture. Industrial Growth in the district is insignificant except the Mandideep industrial Area of Goherganj tehsil. The following table clearly depicts the degree of revenue under various heads.
Table No. II – 5 Revenue Earned during the last four years (Rs. In ‘000’)
Human resources are one of the inevitable factors for the economic development. Several nationals could not achieve desirable economic growth due to under population. In Asian countries, quantity of population is not a hindrance for economic development, but for quality of population. Working population such as technocrats, professionals, manual workers, scientists are the major components of the population.
Table : III – I Population Profile
Government and non-government organisations are taking concrete efforts to improve the literacy level in the district. As per the available information (1997-98) seven Professional Institutions, Eight colleges, seventy Higher Secondary Schools, Three Hundred and Thirty six Middle Schools and thousand one hundred and six primary schools are functioning in the district.
During the year, 123512 students were enrolled in Primary Schools out of which 48332 were girls. There were 81 students enrolled in professional institutions. Even though technical and strategic important institutions are not established in the district.
Agriculturals: People those who are having agricultural land and doing crop-growing activities in their land come under this category. This definition does not consider about the quality or quantity of the land holdings.
Agricultural labourers: Those who do not have own land for crop-growing activities, but doing only agricultural and allied works in other’s land.
Family/Traditional Industries: These type of small/tiny industries are working in rural areas and carried out by a group of families in village areas, which also plays an important role in the rural economy., i.e., Pottery, Agro-implements, Carpentry works etc.
Marginal Labourers:Marginal labourers are unskilled and non-technical. These types of workers are deployed only to assist the working system.
Others: All other work force, those who are earning their livelihood on carrying out one or more activities will be covered in this category.
Table No. III-2 Working Population of the District.
Pie Diagram shows the occupational division in the district:
Table No III – 3 Working Population Tehsil wise.
The Nature has provided unlimited wealth in the form of land hills, forest, water etc., These resources are not concentrated in any one place but spread over different areas. These resources play a vital role in the overall development of the area subject to the optimum utilisation of the available resources.
Agricultural is the main occupation of the district. About 70% of the working population are engaged in crop growing activities. Agricultural activities are carried out in two seasons namely rainy season (Kharif) and winter seasons(Rab).
It has been observed that the tools and implements used by the farmers of the district are comparatively few in numbers, smaller in size, crude and antiquated in character. The ploughing is done iron-shod wooden plough with the help of pair of Bullocks/Buffaloes and Tractors, This type of indigenous plough does not penetrate deeply into the soil and widely enough. Use of chemical fertilisers is widely reported in the district.
II. Land Utilisation:
The district is having different types of lands and soils, Red sols, light blocks soils, red-core sand and small stone in the hillocks are the main combination of soil type observed in the district. Red soil is hard in nature due to the presence of iron ore concentration and least capable of keeping the wetness for long time.
Table No. III- 4 Land Utilisation during 1998-99 (Area in Hec.)
The following table shows the availability of land in different Tehsils for other than agricultural activities. Tehsil wise information will be more usefull to know the availability and land use pattern in the district.
Table No. III-5 Tehsil wise land utilisation during 1997-98
(area in Hec)
III. Cropping Pattern:
Low and arenas are used for Wheat cultivation and high land areas used for the cultivation of pulses and other crops like maize, millets etc., Double crops are cultivated, wherever continues irrigation facilities are available. Short term and long term varieties of Wheat are cultivated in the district. Average productivity in the district is about 1.5 tonnes per hectare. Paddy production is very limited in the district.
Table No. III-6 Agricultural production during the last three years
(Production in MT)
Cultivation activities carried out in traditional method in the district. It is necessary to know the land holding to access the agricultural performance in the area. Farmers are classified in the following manner according to their land holding.
Table No. III – 7 Classification of Land Holdings.
Table No.III – 8 Classification of land holding in the district.
Contrarily, Large farmers’ accounts for 7.82 % in numbers and utilising about 34.92 % of land holdings. Increasing population and vanishing of joint family divided into many parts on each generation. After some times the land holdings (very small in size) may not useful for cultivation. Laws should restrict multiple divisions.
Agricultural products are marketed through Madhya Pradesh State Agricultural Products Marketing Committee (MPAPMC). The Committee has establised 6 Agro product markets ( Krishi Upaj Mandi) in the district. All development blocks except silvani have been mandi facility, Raisen market is categorised as "B" and working the whole year. Others are categorised as "C" and working during the seasons. Agro products are sold in the minimum of Government Support Price and determined by the prevailing market conditions.
Irrigation plays a Major role in the development of the agriculture. Most of the cultivable area of the district depends on the seasonal rain. The rivers flowing in the district are not perennial in nature. Therefore, Other means of irrigation such as well, ponds, tanks canals etc., are playing a vital role in the district.
Maize, Millet Pulses, Soya bean are important crops during the khariff season. Wheat, Bengal gram, peas, tivda are the important crops during the Rabi season. During the year1997-98 about 146493-hectare agricultural land were irrigated by different sources available in the district. Different source of irrigation facilities available in Raisen District is given below.
Table No. III – 9 Irrigated area during 1997-98 (Area in Hec)
Green vegetables and fruits are widely produced in the district, Guava, Mango, Orange and lemon are the important among fruits, Tomato (County and high breed varieties), Onion, Potato, Brinjal, Cauliflower leaves and some local varienties of vegetables are produced in the district.
To know the present status of production of horticultural items in the district we may see the production for the last few years.
Table III – 10 Fruits Production and area (Area in Hec/Production in Tonne)
Table III – 11 Vegetables Production and area (Area in Hec/Production in Tonne)
Table III – 12 Spices Production and area (Area in Hec/ Production in Tonne)
Table No. III – 13 Area under different Horticultural crops during 1999-2000.
Area under horticultural products is increasing every year. On seeing the present status of Productions and rapid increase in area and production many food processing industries can come up under SSI in the district, Such Possible industries are recommended in the following chapters of this report.
Sericulture is the concept to provide employment in the rural areas and earning for their livelihood. Madhya Pradesh is also one of the leading states on sericulture production. But Raisen district is lacking behind on sericulture production. Sericulture production in the district is negligible and there is no industrial use.
All development blocks of the district are having a considerable area under forest. Total forest area in the district is about 333236.856 hectare out of which about 31.7% forest land is in Goherganj tehsil and followed by Silvani tehsil which accounts for 19.07 %. The district is having enough forest wealth, wherein the production of building woods, firewood and valuable medicinal plants are reported production. Sects of population depend on the forest for their livelihood. More industries can come up on forest based products, which will help to improve the employment generation in the rural areas.
Fishery is one of the major activities carried out in the district to provide employment opportunities to rural people. The panorama depicts that the fishery is having a vast scope in the district. As the total production goes to the adjacent district Bhopal for direct consumption, there is no scope for industrial use at present.
The district is having 19 water reservoirs covering 10908.08- hectare area and 312 rural ponds covering an area of 612.74- hectare area. In addition to this about 501-Km length of rivers and sub rivers are under the active fishery in the district.
In the developing economy five stock resources also play a vital role. Some country’s economy today depends on live stock. Live stock population and dairy development depends upon the climatic condition grazing land etc. In Raisen district, the surroundings, climatic conditions and vast forestland favour the dairy development. It is observed that all the villages is having own herd of animals of different varieties. The cattle are country variety gives less milk compared to high breed variety. Dairy forming is having a good scope in the district. If the country varieties replaced by the high breed varieties of cattle, dairy development is possible in the district. Dairy development will generate employment opportunities in rural areas and the standard of living of the people can be improved.
Table No. III – 14 Livestock population in the district during 1997-98
During the year 1997-98, 96980 hen and cocks were registered in the district. In villages country variety hens are available, which lays less eggs compare to high breed lichen and other varieties. Compared to National
INFRASTRUCTURE FOR INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT
The infrastructure development can be divided into two major heads.
Land is one of the basic factors for the industrial development. The present Raisen district covers seven development blocks/seven Tehsils. District administrative offices are located in district head quarter Raisen. The Geographical area of the district is 8466 Sq Km, out of the which 28812 non cultivable land and 4638 hectare fallow land can be utilised for industrial development of the district. These lands are widely spread over in all the development blocks. To keep up the balanced development on sector and region government has developed three industrial Estate at Begumgani and one industrial Growth centre at Mandideep in Goherganj Tehsil. By and large availability of land is not a problem for the industrial development in the district.
District Raisen is Industrial backward and most of the industrial units established are concentrated in Mandideep Industrial Growth Centre in Oeyadullah ganj block, There fore other development blocks such as Gairatganj Begumganj. Udaipura and silvani remain "No Industry Blocks" in the district. Now it is an immediate necessary to decentralise the industrial development. Detail of availability of industrial areas its current status is given below:
Table No. IV – I Industrial Areas( Area in acres)
The above table clearly depicts that the people illegally occupy the industrial areas in Sala matpura and Gairatgani. This is a hindirance for the industrial development of the area. Government should take necessary action to vacate illegal occupation and should be allotted to interested entrepreneurs to set up industrial units.
In Mandideep Indl. Growth centre is developed by the AKVN. About 350 units of different types established in the centre. It is clearly proved that the small scale units has become vulnerable in the changes taken place in the national economy and many of the units closed down their activities or become sick in this centre.
AKVN is developing one more industrial centre is Satlaspur near Mandidep. The centre covers about 600 Acre land. It is proposed to accommodated only Large and Medium scale units in this centre. The sheds are yet to be allotted.
Madhya Pradesh electricity Board widely spread over their service in the district. Generally, power in Madhya Pradesh is not well. The same condition prevails in the district also. The following table shows the electricity consumption pattern in the district.
Table IV –2 Category wise consumption of power in the district.
(In thousand kilowatt)
District head quarter Raisen is not connected by rail lines. But Delhi Mumbai (Via nkhandwa), Delhi-Chennai main Board gauge railway line passes through the district. Salamatpur, Dewanganj, Sanchi, Mandideep, obeyadullahganj and Barkheda are some station of situated in the district. About 60 km of this Broad Gauge line serve the purpose of active rail transportation in the district.
Road is the main source of transportation in the district. The district is having 1124 km of all weather road that is as low 13.24 km road for every 100 Sq Km area, which is far less than the national average of 37 Km and state’s average of 29 Km. (State and National average data pertains to the year 1994-95).
About 1481 Km of seasonal roads also serves the purpose of transportation in the district. State High way no. 18 Connects the district Head quarter with Bhopal and Sagar. National high way no. 12 passes through the important town of the district such as Mandideep. Obeyadullahganj, Badi, Bareli and Udaipura.
Road transportation is the main source of transport in the district. About 80% of the travelers use the road transport and remaining 20% uses the other mode of transport. Road transport is having an equal importance in goods transportation also. Buses, Taxi, Car, Scooter and other two and three wheelers serve the purpose of people movement. Mini buses and jeeps are plying in rural areas. Trucks are the main source of goods transport in the district. About 25,000 vehicles are registered in the district.
Bhopal is the nearest Airport, which is only 45km from the district hed quarter Raisen.
The district is a land locked and the rivers are not perennial and not having enough depth for water transtport, there is no water transport system in the district.
A. SOCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE:
Enterpreneurship is the quality to identity the need and necessity of the public to present their commodities according to the requirement of the mass. Entrepreneurship can be improved on experience. The district is having educational institutions to impart academic education to the people. Stra institutions like Management Institutions are not available in the district. According to the reliable source, flow of money is more in the district. Generally, the people are interested in business activities rather than manufacturing activities. It is necessary to educate the young generation on entreprenership.
Agricultural products are marketed through Madhys Pradesh Agricultural Products Marketing Committee. The committee management is having markets (Krishi Upaj Mandi ) at Raisen that is a "B" grade market and working around the year. "C" grade mandis are located in Gairatganj, Begumganj, Mandideep, Bareli and Udaipura.
Being a district head quarter Raisen is having a semi developed market Other places like Mandideep and obeydullahganj are very near to Bhopal the market facility has not been developed. About 70% of the population is residing in rural areas. There is no developed market facility in the rural areas. About 40 weekly Hat Marketes (Bazaar) serves the purpose of market in rural areas. The traders are moving from area to area, displaying and selling their items in the Hat markets. There is a need for improving the organised marketing facilities in the district.
Financial Institution is one of the major factors for the industrial development of any area. Availability of Industrial finance according to the policy of the Government is also plays a vital role in the development. Government of India nominated a particular band as Lead Bank in every district to monitor the flow of finance to different sectors. Accordingly, Central Bank of India serves as Lead Bank of Raisen district.
There are five nationalised Banks, Regional Rural Bank, District Central Co-operative Bank and Land Development Bank branches are working in the district. 91 branches of these banks extend the financial services in the disrict. All development Blocks are having one of more bank branches.
Table No. IV- 3 Detail of Bank in Raisen District:
Credit plan target for the year 2000-01 is fixed as Rs. 4870.70 lakh for the priority sector. Out of which Rs. 463.55 lakhs (9.517%) is earmarked for SSI sector, which seems to be very less. Bankers should invest more on industrial manufacturing activities.
Prime Minister Rojgar Yojna (Empolyment Scheme)
Government of India has brought out a scheme namely, "Prime Minister Employment Scheme (Rojgar Yojna) to provide self employment to the educated unemployment youths during the year 1983. The scheme is implemented through District Industries Centre in the country. Under the scheme,the application can get loan facility upto Rs. 2 lakh for manufacturing activities and Rs. One lakh for business activities. The Scheme is implemented in the district since its inception.
The following table shows the progress/implementation of the scheme in the district.
Table No. IV – 4 PMRY Target and Achievement.
Small Scale Industries are playing a vital role in the national economy. On seeing the importance, Union and State Governments providing many incentives for the SSI sector. Rausen district falls under the "A" category of industrially Backward District.
In the line of globalisation and liberalisation of the economy, Government of India has announced its industrial Policy in 1991. According to the Industrial Policy,
The district is get all Incentives provided by the Government of Madhya Pradesh to industrial backward "A" category district. Out of seven existing development blocks five blocks come under "No Industry Block" as there is no Large/Medium scale unite is established in these blocks.
According to the Industrial Policy 1994, the incentives applicable to the "A" category of industrially backward districts in Madhya Pradesh.
There are seven professional institutions are working in the district. Out of these, two in Raisen and Uadipura and one each in Begumganj, Breli and Silvani Tehsils. During the year 1997-98, about 91 students were studying in these institutions. Only one Industrial Training Institute is working in Raisen. The Institute is having two trades say, Fitter and Hindi Stenography, having 32 seats and 16 seats respectively. After the introduction of computers in all level, the students are not interested to take admission in the Hindi Stenography course. According to the opinion of the people, it is necessary to introduce computer training such as CAD/CAM and designing in the institute. This is the requirement of the time.
There are three industrial areas and one semi urban industrial estate has been established in the district to accelerate the industrial development. However, all the industrial area/shed have been allotted or occupied illegally. There is only one growth centre is established in Mandideep (near to State Capital Bhopal ) in Obeyadullaganj Block.The growth centre is having all the facilities required for industrial development. It is situated in Broad Gauge rail line and National High way No 12. About 350 units were established in the growth centre out of which 58 unites fall under Large/medium category.
Present Industrial Structure:
Raisen is an agro based district and about 70 % of the population engaged in agricultural & allied activities. Industrial development in the district is yet to reach the optimum level. Industrial units are concentrated only in Mandideep Industrial Growth Centre of Obeydullaganj block. Decentralisation of industrial growth is yet advantage of transportation, as these towns are located in National High way no. 12. The district is having fundamental infrastructure facilities for industrial development. The entrepreneurs are more conservative in rural areas.
II. Large/Medium scale Industries:
The district achived a significant industrial growth Mandideep Industrial Growth Centre, availing the comparative advantage of transport facility, Capital city in the vicinity etc., But the other parts/blocks of the district could not make headway in the field of industrial growth. Tireless efforts taken by the Union and State government, the industrial environment has become favourable in the district. There are 63 Large/Medium scale units have been established in the district. All the unit are established under private sector.
The following list reflects the position of large/medium scale units registered in the district.
Table No. V – I Large & Medium Scale units registered in the District.
The district has achieved headway in the industrial development due to the Mandideep Industrial Growth centre. Due consideration should be given for the development of other areas in the district also.
III. Small Scale Industries:
The development of Small-Scale sector in the district is not encouraging. Registration of Small-Scale and cottage industries are inconsistent in the district. For the fast development of the industries in the district, the State Government has established two District industries Centre in the district. One is functioning in the district Head Quarter Raisen, and serving for your development blocks name, Sanchi, Begumganj. Gairatganj and Silvani. Another District industries Centre has been established in Mandideep to serve Goherganj, Badi and Udaipura tehsils of the district. Small Scale units registered under SIDO is being reflected in the following table.
Table No. V – 2 States of SIDO units registered in the district.
IV. Khadi and Village Industries (Gramodhyog) Board:
Khadi and Village Industries Board is working in the purview of the State Government. Several Union Government Schemes also implemented through this board. The board is promoting rural industries to provide employment opportunities to the rural population. The institution financing for small establishments in rural areas having less than the population of 20,000. About 111 items are enlisted for the production under the purview of Khadi and Village Industries Board. Various types of industries spread all over the district. Bricks manufacturing, stone crushing, footwear manufacturing, Blacksmith works, Carpentry etc., activities are financed by the board under various schemes run by the State/Union Government.
Forest resources are available in the district. At present a few families are engaged in the job of manufacturing various handicraft items in Sanchi development block. Sanchi is being a tourist centre Handicraft can be development in the district,.
Prospects of Industrial Development
On exploitation of natural resources and optimum use of available resources and exploration of new markets for the products, a number of small-scale units based on agricultural, Horticulture, animal husbandry and forest can be set up in the district. Increasing urban population and the message of using modern goods reaching the remote villagers through effective media/communication at present a number of demand based units can be established in the district. As the construction activity is increasing constantly the demand construction materials.
Generally, Industrial proposals are being made based on availability of raw materials or demand of the product. The selection of candidature industries proposed for the district is based on the following criteria:
The main objective of this survey is to identify the possibility for setting up of more industries in small scale sector. The big industries require more investment and which proves to be capital intensive; not of labour intensive. At present, the investment limit for Small Scale and Ancllary Industries is Rs. One Crore in plant & Machinery. Therefore, most of the industries suggested in this report can be set up under SSI.
Pulses play a vital role in the food items of India society. Whether it is Kashmir or kanyakumari the pulse consumption is constant. Different types pulses consumed in different condition and different preparation according to the taste of the people and region. Pulse is a dried one, which is taken to fulfil the requirements of protein for a normal human being. Pulses are having variety nutrients like vitamins, protein, minerals etc., which are essential for the human being.
Pulse milling can be set up in the Small-Scale sector. The raw material availability is not a problem in the district. About 2,00,000 MT tone of tone of various pulses produced in the district every year. At present a few pulse mill are working in the district. As compared to the production, the consumption of these mills are negligible.
Marketing is not a problem in the State and in other states also. Pulse is a stable food item and demand for pulse is increasing day by day. There is a very good scope for pulse milling in the district.
A mini plant can be set with investment of Rs. 6.0 lakh in Plant &Machinery. About five tone of pulse can be processed in the plant per day. As the Pulse production in done seasonally. This type plants require more working capital. About Rs. 50.0 lakh may be earmarked as working capital.
This type of mini pulse plants can be set up in Udaipura Bareli and Gairatganj Tehsils, where the pulse production is e and at present there is no such industry working
Wheat Flour is one of the staple and basic food items in India, particularly in North India. Wheat flour is manufactured from the wheat, which is cultivated in the winter season. Consumption of wheat flour in different forms all over the country is increasing rapidly day by day.
Raisen district is one of the leading producers of wheat in Madhya Pradesh. The Average Productivity is also comparatively high in the district. About three lakh tonnes of wheat is produced in the district annually. Raisen, Udaipura, Goherganj, Silvani Tehsils are the main producers of Wheat in the district. Raisen and Mandideep Agricultural Products Market is working throughout the year. Therefore, raw material is not a problem in the district.
District head quarter Raisen is only 45 Km away from the State’s Capital Bhopal. And also the main production centres are located in the National/State Highway. Therefore, transportation of raw material as well as finished products becomes easy. Marketing can be done in 5Kg or 10Kg bags for small consumers and 50-100Kg bags for large consumers. As Bhoal is very near, marketing is not a problem for the wheat- based flours. The demand is increasing by 5to 10 % every year.
Mini flourmills can be set up under Small Scale sector. Compare to Cost of machinery the working capital requirement will be more in this sector. However, the product come under the daily use category, it is possible to manage with minimum working capital. About 10 lakh rupees may be required for plant & machinery, which plant ca process about 30-40 tones wheat every day. About Rs. 25,00,000/- may be required for working capital. The units has every good scope in the district. Raisen, Udaipura and Begumganj are suitable places to set up such units.
Lemon is one of the major horticulture crop in Raisen district. Bareli and Udaipura and Silcani Tehsils are major producers of lemon. More over the adjacent Hoshangabad district is one of the leading producers of lemon in MP. During 1997-98 about 32 hectare land was under active cultivation of Lemon and its production was about 512 tonne. Lemon produced in the district is being sent to other parts of the state for direct consumption. In this process the cultivators are not getting suitable price for their product. If the lemon is used for industrial purpose, say making finned squash and syrups, this will make value addition to the product and the producers / cultivators will get a good return. On seeing the large scale production and availability of raw materials two or three SSI units can beset up in the district. When the cultivate lemon. Asstt. Director, Department of Horticulature, Raisen has prepared a long term Master Plant to develop the lemon cultivation in large of scale in Badi and Bareli areas, which is surrounded by the vindhyachal rang of hills. If the plan is implemented, lemon production and its bye – product will increase tremendouly and rural people will get employment opportunities.
Globalisation and rapid change in economic structure brought a new consumption pattern among the people. They prepare to consume tinned food and drinks. The squash and syrups are having a wide range of market potentiality as this product can be served not only in home but also in hotels, restaurants, parties, airways, clubs etc., The scope for export is also bright in future.
The Industrial unit can be set up with about Rs. 5,00,000 in Plant & machinery and about Rs. 10,00,000 in working capital. Badi and Silvani development blocks are most suitable places for setting up of such units.
Dried ginger is having vast scope of marketing, as it is useful in medicines. Raisen is one of the leading districts in horticulture crops. Vegetable like, Potato, Tomato, Bringal, Cauliflower, Ladies finger, green peas etc. are produced in the district. About 10,000 tones one vegetable produced in the district every year. About 35 tonnes of ginger is also produced in the district annually.
Availability of raw material and bright market condition is an encouragement for the entrepreneurs to set up such units. Udaipura and Raisen will be ideal places to establish such units. Asingle unit may require Rs. 25,00,000 investment in Plant & Machinery and Rs. 10,00,000 in working capital. The product should conform to the specification laid down in FPO 1995.
Mineral sources available in the district are limited and most of the minerals fall under minor mineral category. There is no scope for any industries on the basis of Minerals.
The district is vast natural resources like forestland and grazing land. Milk production in India is registered continues growth for the last few decades. Generally, the milk supply in Raisen district is less. However, in Raisen district, the milk animals now available is poor in quality and its milk cntribution is limited. Therefore, if the variety of cattle replaced by high milk bearing varieties, dairy development has a scope in the district, particulary in Bareeli and silvani tehsils.
Fishing activities in the district is limited. The production of fishers in the district is being consumed by the consumers of the district and excess production goes to Bhopal, Sagar and other places for direct consumption. There is no scope for industrial use at present in the district.
The district is having enough forest wealth, wherein production of Building woods, fire woods, valuable medicinal plants, Tendu leaves etc., are reported. Sects of population depend on the forest for their livelihood. More industries can come up on forest based products, which will help to improve the employment generation in the rural areas.
As the increasing urbanisation and easy availability of loan facilities, aware the people for constructing their own house in the recent past. As Raisen is developing district and having a comparative advantage of Bhopal construction activities are increasing day by day in the district. Therefore, the requirements of furniture and door/window frames are rapidly increasing. The carpenters are facing a lot of problems from the forest department officials on using the woods for manufacturing building materials and furniture. If the restrictions relaxed suitably the carpentry work will provide employment opportunities to a larg number of people.
Awareness on natural products and herbal medicines, the use of honey in various medicinal formulations and direct consumption of honey has increased tremendously worldwide. Honey a Nautral and can be consumed fresh in canned state. Raisen district has a vast area under forest and on the seeing the demand, is under floriculture is also increasing gradually. Therefore, the apple culture is one of the potential areas, which may generate a large number of employment opportunities in the rural areas. Badi, Bareli Sultanpur and Udaipura areas are suitable for apie culture.
c. Honey Processing Plant:
Demand for pure and good quality of honey is rapidly worldwide. On seeing the trend, it is suggested to establish a honey processing Plant in the forest borne area of Badi of Bareli. Marketing of honey is easy. It can be tinned in various quantity, say 100Ml, 200Ml, 500Ml so on., for the use of different category of consumers.
The unit can be established with a small investment in Plant & Machinery and working capital. 50-100 kg honey may be processed and marketed every day.
i) Bakery Industry:
In India bakery industry is not new one, but for the few decade the consumption of bakery items has increased tremendously. The main raw materials for the Bread and bakery items are Wheat flour, which is abundantly available in the district. The survey team visited many urban and semi-urban areas and noted that the bakery items mostly supplied from Bhopal.
The products can be marketed not only in the district but also in the adjacent district of Bhopal, Hoshangabad and Sagar. The unit producing about one tone per day can be established in Raisen, because the supply of product to the State capital will be easy. The unit can be established with the investment in Plant & Machinery of Rs.30 lakhs and Rs. about 20 lacks in plant & machinery.
ii) Paper Shopping Bag
Awareness about the plastic and worldwide objection on using he plastic bags is mounting up day. Therefore, the replacement for this outgoing product is to be found out. Several states in India have already banned the use of non-industrial plastics, which are more hazardous and making more damage to the environment. Eco-friendly products help to keep the balance of nature. Paper bags are not new to out country. The demand for the paper made shopping bags are increasing tremendously as the vacancy created by the plastic bags are wide. The unit can be set up with the investment of Rs.7 to 8 lakhs in plant & Machinery. There is a fair scope for paper bags industry in Raisen district. This type of units can beset up at any place in the district. However, Raisen and Goherganj Tehsils are having comparative advantage of transportation and nearby Bhopal market.
iii) Cold Storage:
Raisen is one of the leading districts in producing different varieties of fruits and vegetables. As these products are perishable in nature, the cultivators are compelled to sell their produce on the prevailing market price. Consequently, the producers are not getting suitable price for their produce.
To over come these problems, development block wise cold storage facility may be provided. Each and every development block requires one or two cold storage units. A single mini cold storage unit may require Rs.60,00,000/- in plant & machinery.
As the district is very near to Bhopal and Bairagarh cloth market, the Garments market is dumped with the products. Therefore, Garments/Hosiery industry in the district may not prove as a potential one.
i) Surgical Cotton Bandage:
Surgical bandage is taken in to the medical use. Surgical bandage are the products manufactured from white bleached cotton gauge cloth of suitable quality and size. The width may be varied from 2.5 cm to 15 cm and length is 3 to 4 meters.
The products are packed in different quantity and marketed. Now a days demand for the product is increasing tremendously and also have a good scope for export. The unit may require about rs.25 lakhs in Plant & Machinery to produce about 3 quintal per annum.
i) Stay Wire:
The stay wire is used to support the electric poles. This is produced from the Galvanized steel wires which is protected from the rust. This type of units can be ancillary units for MPEB. This type of units are having a vast scope in the district. The production process in very easy. Galvanized wires are passed through the automatic machines available for this use with the help of wire stand to make them stay. In this process, the wire is automatically twisted and stay wire is being made.
This type mini unit may require Rs. 4,00,000/- in Plant & machinery as investment and an equal amount for working capital. Raw material is galvanized wire measuring 3.15 mm to 4.00 mm.
This type of units should be established out of the city / town limit to avoid to noise pollution.
ii) Aluminum Fabricators:
Aluminum fabricated items like doors, windows, staircases, hand rails, railings for verandas, corridors etc., have become the standard accepted features in most modern buildings. The use of Aluminum fabricated items in business and office complexes are very extensive for functional as well as decorative purpose. Similarly in residential buildings also aluminum doors, windows, railings, grills etc., are used extensively. Aluminum has many advantages such as light weight, strength, corrosion resistance, durability, easy in fabrication, attractive appearance and easy maintenance, make the product popular in all respect.
One or two aluminum fabrication unit can be set up in the district ton meet the demand. Such unit may require Rs. 12,00,000/- investment in Plantr & Machinery and Rs. 6,00,000/- in working capital.
iii) Other Fabricated Items:
Raisen district is one of the fast developing district in the state. Construction of residence, hotels, government offices in increasing day by day. Therefore, the demand for fabricated items such as gates, grills window frames, doors, doorframes etc., that is having a vast scope in the district, Several units can be set up in the district. Traditional agricultural implements are used in the district. On implementing modern methods the demand for fabrication works such as agricultural implements, tractor trolleys etc., will increase. These type of units are having more potentiality in the district.
Plan of action for promoting industrial Development in the district:
All actions require some Initiation and encouragement. In this context, Industrial development also requires some specialised knowledge and know-how should be imparted to the enterpreneurs.
i. Entrepreneurial Development Programme:
Raisen district is having a vast natural resources and flow of money for capital investment, but the people are not aware about the industrial and manufacturing activities, particularly in rural areas. The public is lack in entrepreneurial knowledge. To educate the people, particularly educated youths EDP programmes should be organised in block levels. The DTICs and CED may organise such programmes. If it is required SISI Indore can also participate / organise such programmes.
A Seminar / Symposium / Workshop plays a vital role ion exchangeof information and latest technology transfer in Industrial sector. These types of programmes should be organised in the district to popularise the activities. Agro and horticulture based food processing seminar/ symposiums should be organised to familiarise the products and available resources in the district.
iii. Intendive industrial Campaign:
Risen district is having a vast scope for the industrial development, to exploit the available resources, Industrial studies should be carried out to achieve the goal intensive industrial campaign should be organised in village level.
iv. Industrial Exhibition:
As the district head quarter is very near to state capital industrial exhibitions can be organised in Raisen and other areas of the district instead of organising such exhibitions always in Bhopal. The State Government and Department of industries may take necessary steps to organise such exhibition in future.
v. Construction of Industrial Estates:
New industrial areas/estates are to be establised in Silvani, Bareli and Udaipura Tehsils. Moreover, illegal occupants should be vacated from Beguamganj and Gairatganj Industrial Area/Estate, Which will bring a ray of hope among the entrepreneurs.
vi. Development of Industrial Area:
Only the growth centre established in Mandideep is having all the basic amenities. Other industrial areas not having basic facilities. Moreover, the general problems of power cut, water scarcity, bad roads are existing everywhere. These problems should be solved in phase manner. The new industrial areas should be developed with all basic facilities
vii. Development of Road:
The head quarter and other Tehsil/Block head quarters are well connected by road but the condition of roads are every poor in the district. Some areas like Silvani is not easily accessible during rainy season. However, for fast industrial development connecting roads are very important for fast movement of raw materials and finished goods. Construction of connecting roads and maintenance of available roads are the immediate necessary in the district.
The report is based on the data collected from the following departments and the public of Raisen district.