Page 71 - MSME August 2016
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ys[k iwjk gquj ugha crk;k fdUrq exuyky xk¡èkh cquus dh dyk 23 flrEcj 1925 dh cSBd esa vf•y Hkkjr dks iwjh rjg ls le> yh vkSj fiQj vkJe esa ,d osQ pj•k la?k dh LFkkiuk dhA ckn ,d u;s&u;s cquus okys rS;kj gq,A vf•y Hkkjr pj•k la?k dh LFkkiuk ls •knh dh fgUnqLrku osQ cuqdjksa osQ thou dh] mudh vkenuh çxfr esa ,d fuf'pr cy feyk] vkSj mlus rst dne dh] lwr çkIr djus esa gksus okyh mudh dfBukbZ dh] vkxs c<+kuk 'kq: fd;kA ml oDr ns'k esa fujk'kk NkbZ gqbZ blesa os fdl çdkj Bxs tkrs Fks vkSj vkf•j fdl çdkj FkhA xk¡èkhth yksxksa osQ chp esa jgdj mlesa 'kfDr lapkj fnu ij fnu dtZnkj gksrs tkrs FksA bl lc dh tkudkjh dk dke djus yxsA gesa xkaèkh th dh thouh i<+us ls feyhA •knh çlkj dky esa ^^•knh osQ dk;Z dk fo'ks"k ^^cM+s ç;Ru osQ ckn oqQN cqudj gkFk yxs] ftUgksaus y{; jgk fd lLrh ls lLrh •knh cuk;h tk; vkSj bl ns'kh lwr dk diM+k cqu nsus dh esgjckuh dhA bu cqudjksa lLrsiu ls •knh dh fcØh dks c<+k;k tk;sA** 1930 osQ dks vkJe osQ rjiQ ls ;g xkj.Vh nsuh iM+h Fkh fd ns'kh lR;kxzg vkUnksyu esa •knh dh ekax c<+hA bl dkj.k Hkh lwr dk cquk gqvk diM+k •jhn fy;k tk;sxkA** bl çdkj •knh osQ çlkj esa cy feykA xk¡èkhth us gkFk cquk diM+k iguk] fdUrq os vHkh Hkh iw.kZ :i ls larq‘ ugha gq, FksA lwr vkf•j fey ls ysuk iM+ uolaLdj.k dky esa xk¡èkhth us le> fy;k fd vc jgk FkkA fey pkgs ns'kh gks ;k fons'kh] ijkèkhurk rks cuh le; vk x;k gS fd tc •knh dk;Z osQ vlyh edln jghA ;g lc ns• dj xk¡èkhth gkFk ls dkrus osQ fy, dh vksj dne j•uk gSA mUgksaus dgk ^^•knh dk ,d ;qx vèkhj gks mBsA lekIr gks x;kA •knh us xjhcksa osQ ykHk osQ fy, oqQN djosQ fn•k fn;kA vc gesa ;g fn•kuk gksxk fd xjhc ^^xqtjkr esa vPNh rjg HkVd pqdus osQ ckn LokoyEch oSQls cu ldrs gSa] •knh vfgalk dk çrhd xk;dokM+ osQ chtkiqj xk¡o esa xaxk cgu dks pj•k feykA oSQls cu ldrh gSA ;gh gekjk vlyh dke gSA blesa gesa ogk¡ cgqr ls oqQVqEcksa osQ ikl pj•k Fkk] ftls mUgksaus Nr viuh J¼k dk çR;{k çek.k nsuk gksxkA** ij Mky fn;k Fkk] ij ;fn dksbZ mudk lwr •jhn ys vkSj mUgsa iwuh eqgS;k djk ns rks os dkrus dks rS;kj FksA** HkkbZ ;g ç;ksx xk¡èkhth osQ ekxZn'kZu esa 1947 rd ;'koar çlkn nslkbZ us :bZ dh xk¡Bsa nsus dk ftEek fy;kA pykA xk¡èkhth osQ ckn blosQ Lo:i esa ifjorZu vk xaxk cgu us dke ,d ne c<+k fn;kA cqudjksa dks ykdj x;kA Lora=k Hkkjr dh ljdkj us bl m|ksx dks laj{k.k clk;k vkSj dVk gqvk lwr cquokuk 'kq: fd;k] blosQ ckn fn;k vkSj bl çdkj vktknh osQ ckn •knh dk;Z chtkiqj dh •knh e'kgwj gks x;hA ljdkj ls tqM+dj pyus yxkA osQUæ ljdkj us bl dk;Z dks vkxs c<+kus osQ fy, çkjEHk esa ^vf•y Hkkjrh; lu~ 1920 rd •knh dk ;g dke xk¡èkhth osQ •knh xzkeks|ksx cksMZ rFkk ckn esa 1956 esa ^^•knh vkJe rd gh lhfer jgk] 1921 esa] ns'kHkj esa jk‘ªh; vkSj xzkeks|ksx vk;ksx** dh LFkkiuk laln osQ ,d f'k{k.k osQ fo|kihB] fo|ky; rFkk vkJe dk;e gq,A bu vfèkfu;e }kjk fd;k x;k] ;g lw{e] y?kq ,oa ekè;e lc f'k{k.k laLFkkvksa us vius&vius fo|kfFkZ;ksa dks •knh m|e ea=kky;] Hkkjr ljdkj osQ ç'kklfud fu;a=k.k esa dh f'k{kk nhA bl çdkj f'k{kk çkIr ukStokuksa us ns'kHkj dk;Zjr gSA ;g vk;ksx •knh lfClMh] dtZ]rduhdh esa •knh dk lans'k iSQyk;kA ^^1923 esa dksdksukMk dkaxzsl vkfn lgk;rk •knh laLFkkvksa osQ fy, djrk gSA blosQ us vf•y Hkkjrh; •íj cksMZ dh LFkkiuk dh] vkSj mlosQ vfrfjDr jkT; Lrj ij Hkh ^•knh xzkeks|ksx cksMZ* dk ftEes •knh dk lkjk dke fn;k x;kA blosQ igys ns'kHkj xBu gqvk gS] tks •knh dks lfClMh nsrk gSA n esa dkaxzsl desfV;ksa }kjk tks •knh dk dke py jgk Fkk] mu lc dh ftEesnkjh •knh cksMZ ij vk;hA** & ys•d ofj"B i=kdkj gSaA vxLr] 2016 69
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