Page 42 - MSME August 2016
P. 42
Feature and wood. The common materials used in making the blades of hand tools are:-  Iron, Steel,Mild Steel, Carbon Steel, Stainless steel  Aluminum, Brass The material used for making handles of hand tools is popularly wood and also plastic in some cases. The Hand Tool industry has its roots in Pakistan's Sialkot district. Following partition, most Fig.-1. Artisan using traditional method manufacturers migrated to India and 90 per cent When using the hand tools, precision and of them settled in Jalandhar. Today, 70 per cent of proper hand tool use are far more important than the hand tools industry is based in Jalandhar and the speed of working process. Depending on the the rest scattered in Ludhiana, Nagaur (Rajasthan), type of work that has to be done, an artisan must Faridabad and Sonepat (Haryana) and Ghaziabad. own a proper hand tools; he must be able to choose the right hand tool for the work and he should also Punjab has nearly 400 hand tool units, primarily know how to use that hand tool to perform a good in the small and Tiny sectors. The local hand tools job. Without the proper hand tools and knowledge industry has an estimated annual turnover of Rs about using them, the craftsman will not be able to 1400 crore, of which over Rs 1000 crore is from achieve the efficiency and quality in work. export income, half of it from Jalandhar alone. Hand Tools can be grouped in the following Jalandhar is the most important production categories:- and export centre for hand tools in the country. Punjab’s contribution is more than 90% of total 1. Twisting tools or fastening tools (wrenches hand tools exports from the country.Hand tools and screwdrivers) industry in India is basically export oriented, 2. Impact or striking tools (hammers, mallets competing directly with other global players. Hand and sledges) tools manufacturing units are concentrated largely in the small- scale sector. 3. Woodcutting tools (wood saws, planes, wood chisels) The units in Jalandhar area are producing a 4. Metal cutting tools (dies, drills, files, punches, large variety of products such as: reamers, taps) 1. Pliers, pincers, tweezers 5. Holding tools (clamps, pliers, vices) 2. Hand- operated spanners and wrenches 6. Laying out tools – Measuring and marking (adjustable and non adjustable) tools 3. Vices, clamps 7. Grinding and sharpening tools 4. Hammers and sledge hammers 8. Finishing tools and abrasives 5. Planes, chisels, gauges and similar cutting 9. Tool storage & accessory containers tools for wood working 10. Safety equipment (goggles, gloves) 6. Screw drivers Hand tools are made of a wide variety of metal 7. Can or cork openers 40 Laghu Udyog Samachar
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